Peer-reviewed Articles

31 downloads
213 views

Apoptosis of lymphocytes is associated with immunosuppression and poor prognosis in sepsis. Our previous report showed that histones, nuclear proteins released from damaged or dying cells in sepsis, can mediate lymphocyte apoptosis via mitochondria damage. Grape...

["Cell Biology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3108
1,114 downloads
9,839 views

Importance Case reports describe persistent erectile dysfunction (PED) associated with exposure to 5α-reductase inhibitors (5α-RIs). Clinical trial reports and the manufacturers’ full prescribing information (FPI) for finasteride and dutasteride state that risk...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Pharmacology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3020
47 downloads
247 views

Background To find the best individual chemotherapy for cancer patients, the efficacy of different chemotherapeutic drugs can be predicted by pretesting tumor samples in vitro via the chemotherapy-resistance (CTR)-Test®. Although drug combinations are widely used...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3030
90 downloads
887 views

Modafinil (2-((diphenylmethyl)sulfinyl)acetamide), a selective dopamine and norepinephrine transporter inhibitor, is most commonly prescribed for narcolepsy but has gained recent interest for treating a variety of disorders. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are becoming...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2994
65 downloads
229 views

Maximakinin (MK), an amphibian peptide possessing the C-terminal sequence of bradykinin (BK), is a BK B2 receptor (B2R) agonist eliciting prolonged signaling. We reinvestigated this 19-mer for species-specific pharmacologic profile, in vivo confirmation of resistance...

["Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2911
52 downloads
243 views

The fibrosis that develops following laminectomy or discectomy often causes serious complications, and the proliferation of fibroblasts is thought to be the major cause of epidural fibrosis. 10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) has been proven to be efficient in preventing...

["Cell Biology","Orthopedics","Pharmacology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2858
61 downloads
407 views

Background There is a dearth of drugs to manage a dose-limiting painful peripheral neuropathy induced by paclitaxel in some patients during the treatment of cancer. Gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter-1 (GAT-1) whose expression is increased in the brain and spinal...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2798
113 downloads
372 views

Major research efforts have been devoted to the discovery and development of new chemical entities that could inhibit the protein–protein interaction between HIF-1α and the von Hippel–Lindau protein (pVHL), which serves as the substrate recognition subunit of an...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2757
124 downloads
352 views

Background Neuronal and synaptic loss is the most important risk factor for cognitive impairment. Inhibiting neuronal apoptosis and preventing synaptic loss are promising therapeutic approaches for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this study, we investigate the protective...

["Neuroscience","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2739
1 citation
81 downloads
296 views

Background Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a severe clinical syndrome with mortality rate as high as 30–40%. There is no treatment yet to improve pulmonary endothelial barrier function in patients with severe pulmonary edema....

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2712
98 downloads
407 views

Background T cells play a pivotal role in the adaptive immunity that participates in a wide range of immune responses through a complicated cytokine network. Imbalance of T-cell responses is involved in several immune disorders. Neolitsea species, one of the biggest...

["Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2758
94 downloads
493 views

Background Licorice, a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is widely used to moderate the effects (detoxification) of other herbs in TCM and often combined with Fructus Psoraleae. However, the classical TCM book states that Fructus Psoraleae is incompatible...

["Cell Biology","Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2723
115 downloads
447 views

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease in men aged over 50 years old, with an incidence increasing to more than 80% over the age of 70, that is increasingly going to attract pharmaceutical interest. Within conventional therapies, such as α-adrenoreceptor...

["Computational Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2698
97 downloads
347 views

Paclitaxel, a chemotherapeutic agent, causes neuropathic pain whose supraspinal pathophysiology is not fully understood. Dysregulation of sodium channel expression, studied mainly in the periphery and spinal cord level, contributes to the pathogenesis of neuropathic...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2702
202 downloads
445 views

Background Schotia brachypetala Sond. (Fabaceae) is an endemic tree of Southern Africa whose phytochemistry and pharmacology were slightly studied. The present work aimed at profiling the major phenolics compounds present in the hydro-alcohol extract from S. brachypetala...

["Plant Science","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2404

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