Peer-reviewed Articles

104 downloads
530 views

The effects of ice ages on speciation have been well documented for many European and North American taxa. In contrast, very few studies have addressed the consequences of such environmental and topographical changes in North East Asian species. More precisely,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4044
57 downloads
251 views

Diarrhea is a syndrome of digestive disorders in young rabbits and may lead to secondary infections resulting in reduced immunity and higher mortality in baby rabbits, with serious impacts on rabbit farming. In this study, we investigated the effects of diarrhea...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4100
78 downloads
388 views

Background Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods We performed...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4094
46 downloads
1,934 views

Previous studies have used the zebrafish to investigate the biology of lens crystallin proteins and their roles in development and disease. However, little is known about zebrafish α-crystallin promoter function, how it compares to that of mammals, or whether mammalian...

["Developmental Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4093
51 downloads
516 views

With a code injection attack (CIA) an attacker can introduce malicious code into a computer program or system that fails to properly encode data that comes from an untrusted source. A CIA can have different forms depending on the execution context of the application...

["Security and Privacy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.136
127 downloads
1,035 views

Background Life history theory predicts that mothers should adjust reproductive investment depending on benefits of current reproduction and costs of reduced future reproductive success. These costs and benefits may in turn depend on the breeding female’s social...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4028
58 downloads
298 views

Inbreeding in hermaphroditic plants can occur through two different mechanisms: biparental inbreeding, when a plant mates with a related individual, or self-fertilization, when a plant mates with itself. To avoid inbreeding, many hermaphroditic plants have evolved...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4085
69 downloads
293 views

Background We examined the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database to determine factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults 20 to 55 years of age. Methods NHANES data collected between 2007 and 2014, excluding...

["Public Health","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4035
299 downloads
1,677 views

Many of the major locomotor transitions during the evolution of Archosauria, the lineage including crocodiles and birds as well as extinct Dinosauria, were shifts from quadrupedalism to bipedalism (and vice versa). Those occurred within a continuum between more...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3976
45 downloads
356 views

Background Court shoe designs predominantly focus on reducing excessive vertical ground reaction force, but shear force cushioning has received little attention in the basketball population. We aimed to examine the effect of a novel shoe-cushioning design on both...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4086
34 downloads
219 views

Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2) play important roles in ovarian follicular development. In this study, we analyzed tissue-specific expression of the Muscovy duck IGF2 and DRD2 genes and cloned those genes transcripts. Polymorphisms...

["Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4083
70 downloads
458 views

The expression of carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX is up-regulated in many types of solid tumors in humans under hypoxic and acidic microenvironment. Inhibition of CA IX enzymatic activity with selective inhibitors, antibodies or labeled probes has been shown to reverse...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4068
47 downloads
217 views

Background Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease, yet an increasing incidence of pertussis occurs in many countries. Thailand has a long-standing pertussis vaccination policy, therefore most expectant mothers today had received vaccines as children. The resurgence...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4043
36 downloads
198 views

Galianthe (Rubiaceae) is a neotropical genus comprising 50 species divided into two subgenera, Galianthe subgen. Galianthe, with 39 species and Galianthe subgen. Ebelia, with 11 species. The diagnostic features of the genus are: usually erect habit with xylopodium,...

["Conservation Biology","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4012
29 downloads
236 views

Background The Regulatory Mode Questionnaire (RMQ) is the most used and internationally well-known instrument for the measurement of individual differences in the two self-regulatory modes: locomotion (i.e., the aspect of self-regulation that is concerned with...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4092

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