Peer-reviewed Articles

29 downloads
168 views

Purpose To assess the overall quality of published urological meta-analyses and identify predictive factors for high quality. Materials and Methods We systematically searched PubMed to identify meta-analyses published from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2015...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3129
88 downloads
694 views

Determining whether a population is introduced or native to a region can be challenging due to inadequate taxonomy, the presence of cryptic lineages, and poor historical documentation. For taxa with resting stages that bloom episodically, determining origin can...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3205
43 downloads
343 views

Background Zones of contact between closely related taxa with divergent migratory routes, termed migratory divides, have been suggested as areas where hybrid offspring may have intermediate and inferior migratory routes, resulting in low fitness of hybrids and...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3201
67 downloads
389 views

Background The evolution of South American Mabuyinae skinks holds significant biogeographic interest because its sister lineage is distributed across the African continent and adjacent islands. Moreover, at least one insular species, Trachylepis atlantica, has...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3194
32 downloads
159 views

Background Electrolytic ablation and electroporation based ablation are minimally invasive, non-thermal surgical technologies that employ electrical currents and electric fields to ablate undesirable cells in a volume of tissue. In this study, we explore the attributes...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Pathology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3190
51 downloads
210 views

Recent studies have reported an unusually high frequency of nonamplifying alleles at microsatellite loci in bivalves. Null alleles have been associated with heterozygous deficits in many studies. While several studies have tested for its presence using different...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3188
59 downloads
264 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
162 downloads
869 views

Metoposaurids are temnospondyl amphibians that are commonly recovered from the Chinle Formation deposits of North America. Two species, Koskinonodon perfectus and Apachesaurus gregorii, are known from Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO), AZ. Small, elongate intercentra...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3183
49 downloads
457 views

Background Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) have numerous functions in the developing and adult central nervous system (CNS). For example, the FGFR1 receptor is important for proliferation and fate specification of radial glial cells...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3173
59 downloads
310 views

Background Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3159
31 downloads
264 views

Predicting protein structure from sequence remains a major open problem in protein biochemistry. One component of predicting complete structures is the prediction of inter-residue contact patterns (contact maps). Here, we discuss protein contact map prediction...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3139
74 downloads
344 views

Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative...

["Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3040
46 downloads
379 views

The Pacific coast tick, Dermacentor occidentalis Marx, is found throughout California and can harbor agents that cause human diseases such as anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and rickettsiosis 364D. Previous studies have demonstrated...

["Entomology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3202
121 downloads
741 views

The evolution of herbivory in early tetrapods was crucial in the establishment of terrestrial ecosystems, although it is so far unclear what effect this innovation had on the macro-evolutionary patterns observed within this clade. The clades that entered this under-filled...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3200
38 downloads
311 views

Background Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3198

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