Peer-reviewed Articles

19 downloads
102 views

Background Staphylococcus aureus is a human colonizer with high potential for virulence, and the spread of the virulent strains from the colonized hosts to non-carriers in the community is on the increase. However, there are few reports on comprehensive analysis...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5204
15 downloads
115 views

The dsDNA bacteriophage T7 was subjected to 30 cycles of lethal ultraviolet light (UV) exposure to select increased resistance to UV. The exposure effected a 0.9999 kill of the ancestral population, and survival of the ending population was nearly 50-fold improved....

["Genetics","Genomics","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5190
37 downloads
161 views

Background and Objective Increases in outpatients seeking medical check-ups are expanding the number of health examination data records, which can be utilized for medical strategic planning and other purposes. However, because hospital visits by outpatients seeking...

["Neurology","Public Health","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5183
21 downloads
90 views

Background The importance of circulating antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease has recently been recognized. However, no study has systematically described the methodology of sample preparation and storage regarding antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease....

["Immunology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5178
158 downloads
1,064 views

Amphibians are probably the most vulnerable group to climate change and climate-change associate diseases. This ongoing biodiversity crisis makes it thus imperative to improve the taxonomy of anurans in biodiverse but understudied areas such as Amazonia. In this...

["Biodiversity","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4941
444 downloads
1,163 views

Xenoposeidon proneneukos is a sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Hastings Group of England. It is represented by a single partial dorsal vertebra, NHMUK PV R2095, which consists of the centrum and the base of a tall neural arch. Despite its fragmentary...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5212
62 downloads
336 views

Rao’s quadratic diversity index is one of the most widely applied diversity indices in functional and phylogenetic ecology. The standard way of computing Rao’s quadratic diversity index for an ecological assemblage with a group of species with varying abundances...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5211
42 downloads
241 views

In this research, grayling-specific Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 isolates from Baltic Sea basin were collected in Sweden for the first time. Samples were obtained in three drainage systems: Kalixälven (River Kaitum), Ljungan (River Sölvbacka strömmar), and...

["Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5167
30 downloads
116 views

Background Plant-water relations have been of significant concern in forestry and ecology studies in recent years, yet studies investigating the annual differences in the characteristics of inter-class water consumption in trees are scarce. Methods We classified...

["Ecology","Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5164
19 downloads
175 views

Historical GIS involves applying GIS to historical research. Using a unique method, I recovered historical tree survey information stored in bar chart figures of a 1956 publication. I converted PDF files to TIF files, which is a format for a GIS layer. I then employed...

["Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Data Science","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5158
50 downloads
240 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
66 downloads
1,237 views

One of the first endocasts of a dipnoan (lungfish) to be realised was that of the Upper Devonian taxon Chirodipterus australis. This early interpretation was based on observations of the shape of the cranial cavity alone and was not based on a natural cast or ‘steinkern’...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5148
178 downloads
1,687 views

The cuticle layer consisting mainly of lipids and hydroxyapatite (HAp) atop the mineralized avian eggshell is a protective structure that prevents the egg from dehydration and microbial invasions. Previous ornithological studies have revealed that the cuticle layer...

["Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5144
57 downloads
285 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142
47 downloads
930 views

Streams and their surrounding riparian habitats are linked by reciprocal exchanges of insect prey essential to both aquatic and terrestrial consumers. Aquatic insects comprise a large proportion of total prey in riparian habitats and are opportunistically exploited...

["Ecology","Freshwater Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5141

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