Peer-reviewed Articles

40 downloads
176 views

Recent studies have reported an unusually high frequency of nonamplifying alleles at microsatellite loci in bivalves. Null alleles have been associated with heterozygous deficits in many studies. While several studies have tested for its presence using different...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3188
49 downloads
230 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
100 downloads
763 views

Metoposaurids are temnospondyl amphibians that are commonly recovered from the Chinle Formation deposits of North America. Two species, Koskinonodon perfectus and Apachesaurus gregorii, are known from Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO), AZ. Small, elongate intercentra...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3183
35 downloads
414 views

Background Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) have numerous functions in the developing and adult central nervous system (CNS). For example, the FGFR1 receptor is important for proliferation and fate specification of radial glial cells...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3173
35 downloads
249 views

Background Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3159
21 downloads
219 views

Predicting protein structure from sequence remains a major open problem in protein biochemistry. One component of predicting complete structures is the prediction of inter-residue contact patterns (contact maps). Here, we discuss protein contact map prediction...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3139
39 downloads
244 views

Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative...

["Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3040
42 downloads
344 views

The Pacific coast tick, Dermacentor occidentalis Marx, is found throughout California and can harbor agents that cause human diseases such as anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and rickettsiosis 364D. Previous studies have demonstrated...

["Entomology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3202
110 downloads
690 views

The evolution of herbivory in early tetrapods was crucial in the establishment of terrestrial ecosystems, although it is so far unclear what effect this innovation had on the macro-evolutionary patterns observed within this clade. The clades that entered this under-filled...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3200
37 downloads
298 views

Background Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3198
45 downloads
327 views

Although numbers of cancer cell lines have been shown to be successfully reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), reprogramming Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) to pluripotency in relation to its cancer cell type and the expression pattern of...

["Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3174
30 downloads
311 views

Background & Aims Metformin is currently the most widely used first-line hypoglycemic agent for diabetes mellitus. Besides glucose-lowering action, there is increasingly interest in the potential anti-inflammatory action of this drug. In the present study, we investigated...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3155
55 downloads
243 views

Objective This study aimed to quantify the cartilage- and subchondral bone-related effects of low-dose and high-dose meloxicam treatment in the late phase of mono-iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis of the stifle. Methods Thirty-four male Wistar rats received intra-articular...

["Pathology","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3185
78 downloads
271 views

There is an urgent need to identify and understand the ecosystem services of pollination and seed dispersal provided by threatened mammals such as flying foxes. The first step towards this is to obtain comprehensive data on their diet. However, the volant and nocturnal...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3176
43 downloads
380 views

Background Geminiviruses (family Geminiviridae) are prevalent plant viruses that imperil agriculture globally, causing serious damage to the livelihood of farmers, particularly in developing countries. The virus evolves rapidly, attributing to its single-stranded...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3165

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