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Total of 354 results See all subject areas

In the Central Red Sea, healthy coral reefs meet intense coastal development, but data on the effects of related stressors for reef functioning are lacking. This in situ study therefore investigated the independent and combined effects of simulated overfishing...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.339

With rising environmental concerns on potable water safety and eutrophication, increased media attention and tighter environmental regulations, managing animal waste in an environmentally responsible and economically feasible way can be a challenge. In this study,...

["Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.336

Testing for cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA is increasingly being used for specimen types other than plasma or whole blood. However, few studies have investigated the performance of different nucleic acid extraction protocols in such specimens. In this study, CMV extraction...

["Infectious Diseases","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.334

Caribbean coral reefs have deteriorated substantially over the past 30 years, which is broadly attributable to the effects of global climate change. In the same time, Indo-Pacific reefs maintain higher coral cover and typically recover rapidly after disturbances....

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.333

Climate change has led to a decline in the health of corals and coral reefs around the world. Studies have shown that, while some corals can cope with natural and anthropogenic stressors either through resistance mechanisms of coral hosts or through sustainable...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.327

Therocephalians were a speciose clade of nonmammalian therapsids whose ecological diversity and survivorship of the end-Permian mass extinction offer the potential to investigate the evolution of growth patterns across the clade and their underlying influences...

["Evolutionary Studies","Histology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.325

The Schmidt Sting Pain Index rates the painfulness of 78 Hymenoptera species, using the honey bee as a reference point. However, the question of how sting painfulness varies depending on body location remains unanswered. This study rated the painfulness of honey...

["Entomology","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.338

Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been shown to be effective in treatment of anxiety disorders. Yet, there is lack of research on the extent to which interaction between the individual and virtual humans can be successfully implanted to increase levels...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.337

Leishmania amazonensis is the causative agent of American cutaneous leishmaniasis, an important neglected tropical disease. Once Leishmania amazonensis is inoculated into the human host, promastigotes are exposed to the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the dermis....

["Cell Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.317

Several online forums exist to facilitate open and/or anonymous discussion of the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Data integrity is a common discussion topic, and it is widely assumed that publicity surrounding such matters will accelerate correction of the...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.313

Objective. To examine the factors predicting changes in language skills between 2 and 3 years.Methods. By using longitudinal data concerning 1002 children from the EDEN study, linear regression was used to predict 3-year language performance from 2-year language...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.335

Background. As whole genome sequence data from bacterial isolates becomes cheaper to generate, computational methods are needed to correlate sequence data with biological observations. Here we present the large-scale BLAST score ratio (LS-BSR) pipeline, which rapidly...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.332

Predator–prey interactions are among the main ecological interactions that shape the diversity of biological form. In many cases, the evolution of the mollusc shell form is presumably driven by predation. However, the adaptive significance of several uncommon,...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.329

The feasibility of disrupting a tumor’s vascular structure with various radiation types and radionuclides is investigated. Calculated absorbed dose profiles for photons and 4He ions suggest that low-energy beta-gamma and alpha emitting radionuclides can deposit...

["Biophysics","Biotechnology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.320

Purpose. People with stroke living in the community have an increased prevalence of depression and lower quality of life than healthy older adults. This cross-sectional observational study investigated whether participation in regular exercise was associated with...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.331

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