Peer-reviewed Articles

76 downloads
571 views

Background Aquatic insects and other freshwater animals are some of the most threatened forms of life on Earth. Caddisflies (Trichoptera) are highly biodiverse in the Neotropics and occupy a wide variety of freshwater habitats. In Andean countries, including Ecuador,...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2851
42 downloads
222 views

Species distribution models (SDMs) have become an essential tool in ecology, biogeography, evolution and, more recently, in conservation biology. How to generalize species distributions in large undersampled areas, especially with few samples, is a fundamental...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2849
40 downloads
126 views

Background Electrical stimulation (ES) has been successfully used to treat bone defects clinically. Recently, both cellular and molecular approaches have demonstrated that ES can change cell behavior such as migration, proliferation and differentiation. Methods...

["Bioengineering","Cell Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2821
33 downloads
88 views

Grazing extensification and intensification are among the main problems affecting European grasslands. We analyze the impact of grazing intensity (low and moderate) and the use of veterinary medical products (VMPs) on the dung beetle community in the province of...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2780
13 downloads
135 views

Flies use specialized photoreceptors R7 and R8 in the dorsal rim area (DRA) to detect skylight polarization. R7 and R8 form a tiered waveguide (central rhabdomere pair, CRP) with R7 on top, filtering light delivered to R8. We examine how the division of a given...

["Animal Behavior","Biophysics","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2772
173 downloads
379 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
46 downloads
281 views

Sponges are efficient filter feeders, removing significant portions of particulate and dissolved organic matter (POM, DOM) from the water column. While the assimilation and respiration of POM and DOM by sponges and their abundant microbial symbiont communities...

["Biochemistry","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2870
31 downloads
181 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
111 downloads
462 views

The importance of 16S rRNA gene amplicon profiles for understanding the influence of microbes in a variety of environments coupled with the steep reduction in sequencing costs led to a surge of microbial sequencing projects. The expanding crowd of scientists and...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2836
46 downloads
211 views

Biomaterial scaffolds have the potential to enhance neuronal development and regeneration. Understanding the genetic responses of astrocytes and neurons to biomaterials could facilitate the development of synthetic environments that enable the specification of...

["Bioengineering","Bioinformatics","Cell Biology","Genomics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2829
249 downloads
1,031 views

Non-mammaliaform cynodonts gave rise to mammals but the reproductive biology of this extinct group is still poorly known. Two exceptional fossils of Galesaurus planiceps and Thrinaxodon liorhinus, consisting of juveniles closely associated with an adult, were briefly...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2875
30 downloads
192 views

Background Estimates of fishing and natural mortality are important for understanding, and ultimately managing, commercial and recreational fisheries. High reward tags with fixed station acoustic telemetry provides a promising approach to monitoring mortality rates...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Computational Biology","Ecology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2874
28 downloads
157 views

Background The nerve fibre circuits around a lesion play a major role in the spontaneous recovery process after spinal cord hemisection in rats. The aim of the present study was to answer the following question: in the re-control process, do all spinal cord nerves...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2865
35 downloads
215 views

A new sea star species, H. djakonovi sp.n., was discovered in Rudnaya Bay in the Sea of Japan. This is a sympatric species of the well-known and common species Henricia pseudoleviuscula Djakonov, 1958. Both species are similar in body size and proportions, shape...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2863
17 downloads
90 views

Background Malaria elimination campaigns are planned or active in many countries. The effects of malaria elimination on immune responses such as antigen-specific IFN- γ responses are not well characterized. Methods IFN- γ responses to the P. falciparum antigens...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2855

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