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34 downloads
137 views

The spectacular diversity of personality and behaviour of animals and humans has evoked many hypotheses intended to explain its developmental and evolutionary background. Although the list of the possible contributing mechanisms seems long, we propose that an underemphasised...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.977
15 downloads
15 views

Background and Purpose. Caveolae act as signalling hubs in endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Caveolar disruption by the membrane cholesterol depleting agent methyl-β-cyclodextrin (M-β-CD) has various functional effects on arteries including (i) impairment of...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.966
30 downloads
112 views

Natural selection, the most important force in evolution, comes in three forms. Negative purifying selection removes deleterious variation and maintains adaptations. Positive directional selection fixes beneficial variants, producing new adaptations. Balancing...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Marine Biology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.976
21 downloads
82 views

Background. Despite massive immigration towards Southern Europe in the last two decades, data on mortality by cause among immigrants in Italy are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate mortality from all and from specific causes of death among immigrants...

["Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.975
29 downloads
80 views

Research on human sociality rarely includes kinship, social structure, sex, and familiarity, even though these variables influence sociality in non-human primates. However, cross-cultural ethnographic and observational studies with humans indicate that, beginning...

["Anthropology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.974
26 downloads
47 views

The incidence of osteoporosis is high in postmenopausal women due to altered estrogen levels and continuous calcium loss that occurs with aging. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the development of osteoporosis. These miRNAs may...

["Molecular Biology","Geriatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.971
24 downloads
43 views

Goal. We assessed the effectiveness of bioactive polyphenols contained in solution (LX) to restore normal bowel function in pediatric patients with acute diarrhea.Background. While providing oral rehydration solution (ORS) is standard treatment for diarrhea in...

["Clinical Trials","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.969
63 downloads
257 views

An uncultured non-photosynthetic basal lineage of the Cyanobacteria, the Melainabacteria, was recently characterised by metagenomic analyses of aphotic environmental samples. However, a predatory bacterium, Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, originally described in...

["Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.968
24 downloads
21 views

Background and Objectives. The best method for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy (TP) remains controversial. Since a growing number of publications focus on the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), we meta-analyzed the available evidence on the overall diagnostic...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Respiratory Medicine","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.951
50 downloads
187 views

Since its introduction in France 10 years ago, the yellow-legged Asian bee-hawking hornet Vespa velutina has rapidly spread to neighboring countries (Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, and Germany), becoming a new threat to beekeeping activities. While introduced...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.947
54 downloads
125 views

Effective monitoring programs for biodiversity are needed to assess trends in biodiversity and evaluate the consequences of management. This is particularly true for birds and faunas that occupy interior forest and other areas of low human population density, as...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.973
90 downloads
121 views

Background. Open access (OA) journals allows access to research papers free of charge to the reader. Traditionally, biomedical researchers use databases like MEDLINE and EMBASE to discover new advances. However, biomedical OA journals might not fulfill such databases’...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.972
28 downloads
85 views

Objective. Bringing together genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and other -omics technologies is an important step towards developing highly personalized medicine. However, instrumentation has advances far beyond expectations and now we are able to generate...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.970
66 downloads
62 views

Introduction. Patients with chronic lateral elbow (LE) tendinopathy, commonly known as tennis elbow, often experience prolonged symptoms and frequent relapses. Astym treatment, evidenced in animal studies to promote the healing and regeneration of soft tissues,...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Rehabilitation","Physical Therapy","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.967
34 downloads
117 views

Complex systems may be mechanistically modelled by white-box modeling with using logical deterministic individual-based cellular automata. Mathematical models of complex systems are of three types: black-box (phenomenological), white-box (mechanistic, based on...

["Biophysics","Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.948

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