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44 downloads
323 views

Background. Frogs are generalist predators of a wide range of typically small prey items. But descriptions of dietary items regularly include other anurans, such that frogs are considered to be among the most important of anuran predators. However, the only existing...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1204
15 downloads
203 views

The inconsistent use of hormonal contraceptive methods can result, during the first year of use, in one in twelve women still having an undesired pregnancy. This may lead to women experiencing fear of becoming pregnant (FBP). We have only found one study examining...

["Epidemiology","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1200
124 downloads
8,137 views

Aspects of the female body may be attractive because they signal evolutionary fitness. Greater body fatness might reflect greater potential to survive famines, but individuals carrying larger fat stores may have poor health and lower fertility in non-famine conditions....

["Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1155
349 downloads
1,508 views

The role of the human microbiome in schizophrenia remains largely unexplored. The microbiome has been shown to alter brain development and modulate behavior and cognition in animals through gut-brain connections, and research in humans suggests that it may be a...

["Biodiversity","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1140
16 downloads
170 views

Across the globe, discussions centered on the value of nature drive many conservation and restoration decisions. As a result, justification for management activities increasingly asks for two lines of evidence: (1) biological proof of augmented ecosystem function...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1111
27 downloads
264 views

In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients’ relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients’ critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1208
34 downloads
324 views

Prions are infectious proteins where the same protein may express distinct strains. The strains are enciphered by different misfolded conformations. Strain-like phenomena have also been reported in a number of other amyloid-forming proteins. One of the features...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1207
27 downloads
245 views

The lectin found in the tubers of the Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) plant is an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine specific Type II Ribosome Inactivating Protein (RIP); Type II RIPs have shown anti-cancer properties, and hence have potential as therapeutic agents. Here...

["Biochemistry","Developmental Biology","Genetics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1206
45 downloads
365 views

Consumer-grade GPS units are a staple of modern field ecology, but the relatively large error radii reported by manufacturers (up to 10 m) ostensibly precludes their utility in measuring fine-scale movement of small animals such as insects. Here we demonstrate...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Ecology","Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1205
24 downloads
527 views

Background. Failure among pet owners to neuter their pets results in increased straying and overpopulation problems. Variations in neutering levels can be explained by cultural differences, differences in economic status in rural and urban locations, and owner...

["Animal Behavior","Veterinary Medicine","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1196
1 citation
20 downloads
413 views

Background. A person-centered approach focusing on the interaction of an individual’s temperament-character-life events is essential in the path of individuals’ well-being. In this context, three character traits, Self-directedness (e.g., self-acceptance, self-control,...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1195
31 downloads
199 views

Silene ciliata Pourr. (Caryophyllaceae) is a species with a highly disjunct distribution which inhabits the alpine mountains of the Mediterranean Basin. We investigated the phylogeny and phylogeography of the species to (a) clarify the long-suggested division of...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1193
323 downloads
1,773 views

Despite being known for nearly two centuries, new specimens of the derived non-pterodactyloid pterosaur Rhamphorhynchus continue to be discovered and reveal new information about their anatomy and palaeobiology. Here we describe a specimen held in the collections...

["Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1191
37 downloads
230 views

Irrigation in desert ecosystems can either reduce or increase species diversity. Groundwater pumping often lowers water tables and reduces natural wetlands, whereas canal irrigation often creates mesic habitat, resulting in great increases in avian diversity from...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1187
25 downloads
262 views

Within highly diverse ecosystems, the majority of bacterial taxa are present in low abundance as members of the rare biosphere. The rationale for the occurrence and maintenance of the rare biosphere, and the putative ecological role(s) and dynamics of its members...

["Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1182

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