Peer-reviewed Articles

30 downloads
112 views

Because damselflies are ubiquitously but focally present in natural environments and play a critical role as predators of other insect species, the fecal matter of damselflies may be useful for investigating antibiotic-resistant bacterial populations, including...

["Entomology","Microbiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5755
24 downloads
106 views

Protein backbones occupy diverse conformations, but compact metrics to describe such conformations and transitions between them have been missing. This report re-introduces the Ramachandran number (ℛ) as a residue-level structural metric that could simply the life...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5745
25 downloads
94 views

Background Escherichia coli is an important opportunistic pathogen that could cause inflammation of the udder in dairy cows resulting in reduced milk production and changes in milk composition and quality, and even death of dairy cows. Therefore, mastitis is the...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5711
20 downloads
121 views

A major obstacle to high-throughput genotyping of microhymenoptera is their small size. As species are difficult to discriminate, and because complexes may exist, the sequencing of a pool of specimens is hazardous. Thus, one should be able to sequence pangenomic...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5640
28 downloads
212 views

This contribution adopts the taxonomic concept approach, including the use of taxonomic concept labels (name sec. [according to] source) and region connection calculus-5 (RCC–5) articulations and alignments. Prior to this study, the broad-nosed weevil genus Minyomerus...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Entomology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5633
137 downloads
760 views

Background Family Cetotheriidae sensu stricto and several closely related taxa comprise the Cetotherioidea and represent a lineage of Neogene baleen whales that includes the smallest edentulous baleen whales in Earth history. Most of known cetotheriids came from...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5800
44 downloads
196 views

Background The ability to jump has been related to muscle strength and power, speed and amplitude of the lower limbs movements, and specifically for the elderly, the vertical jump has been shown to be a good predictor of functional capacity and risk of falling....

["Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5804
18 downloads
116 views

A learning algorithm is proposed for the task of Arabic Handwritten Character and Digit recognition. The architecture consists on an ensemble of different Convolutional Neural Networks. The proposed training algorithm uses a combination of adaptive gradient descent...

["Algorithms and Analysis of Algorithms","Artificial Intelligence","Computer Vision","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.167
304 downloads
7,366 views

Antibiotic resistance in our pathogens is medicine’s climate change: caused by human activity, and resulting in more extreme outcomes. Resistance emerges in microbial populations when antibiotics act on phenotypic variance within the population. This can arise...

["Agricultural Science","Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5801
28 downloads
196 views

Knowledge on the immune system of Pomacea canaliculata is becoming increasingly important, because of this gastropod’s role as intermediate host and vector of Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the etiologic agent of eosinophilic meningitis in humans and domestic animals....

["Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5789
195 downloads
847 views

The Late Jurassic Slottsmøya Member Lagerstätte on Spitsbergen preserves a diverse array of marine reptiles, including four named taxa of ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs. One of these, Palvennia hoybergeti, is based on the single holotype specimen (SVB 1451) with...

["Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5776
25 downloads
138 views

We studied the relationship between plant functional foliar traits and the endophytic bacterial communities associated in trees, taking the example of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl). Forty-five samples with replicates of eight leaves per sample were...

["Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5769
44 downloads
214 views

The altitudinal effects on the distributions of phyllosphere fungal assemblages in conspecific plants remain poorly elucidated. To address this, phyllosphere fungal communities associated with Mussaenda shikokiana were investigated at four sites across a 350 m...

["Ecology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5767
31 downloads
233 views

Background Multimorbidity presents an increasingly common problem in older population, and is tightly related to polypharmacy, i.e., concurrent use of multiple medications by one individual. Detecting polypharmacy from drug prescription records is not only related...

["Drugs and Devices","Public Health","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5765
292 downloads
3,635 views

Bite marks on bones can provide critical information about interactions between carnivores and animals they consumed (or attempted to) in the fossil record. Data from such interactions is somewhat sparse and is hampered by a lack of records in the scientific literature....

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5748

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