Peer-reviewed Articles

27 downloads
150 views

Background The importance of circulating antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease has recently been recognized. However, no study has systematically described the methodology of sample preparation and storage regarding antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease....

["Immunology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5178
205 downloads
1,272 views

Amphibians are probably the most vulnerable group to climate change and climate-change associate diseases. This ongoing biodiversity crisis makes it thus imperative to improve the taxonomy of anurans in biodiverse but understudied areas such as Amazonia. In this...

["Biodiversity","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4941
494 downloads
1,227 views

Xenoposeidon proneneukos is a sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Hastings Group of England. It is represented by a single partial dorsal vertebra, NHMUK PV R2095, which consists of the centrum and the base of a tall neural arch. Despite its fragmentary...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5212
69 downloads
382 views

Rao’s quadratic diversity index is one of the most widely applied diversity indices in functional and phylogenetic ecology. The standard way of computing Rao’s quadratic diversity index for an ecological assemblage with a group of species with varying abundances...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5211
50 downloads
289 views

In this research, grayling-specific Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 isolates from Baltic Sea basin were collected in Sweden for the first time. Samples were obtained in three drainage systems: Kalixälven (River Kaitum), Ljungan (River Sölvbacka strömmar), and...

["Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5167
38 downloads
172 views

Background Plant-water relations have been of significant concern in forestry and ecology studies in recent years, yet studies investigating the annual differences in the characteristics of inter-class water consumption in trees are scarce. Methods We classified...

["Ecology","Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5164
22 downloads
224 views

Historical GIS involves applying GIS to historical research. Using a unique method, I recovered historical tree survey information stored in bar chart figures of a 1956 publication. I converted PDF files to TIF files, which is a format for a GIS layer. I then employed...

["Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Data Science","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5158
59 downloads
310 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
81 downloads
1,302 views

One of the first endocasts of a dipnoan (lungfish) to be realised was that of the Upper Devonian taxon Chirodipterus australis. This early interpretation was based on observations of the shape of the cranial cavity alone and was not based on a natural cast or ‘steinkern’...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5148
199 downloads
1,771 views

The cuticle layer consisting mainly of lipids and hydroxyapatite (HAp) atop the mineralized avian eggshell is a protective structure that prevents the egg from dehydration and microbial invasions. Previous ornithological studies have revealed that the cuticle layer...

["Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5144
67 downloads
361 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142
58 downloads
1,378 views

Streams and their surrounding riparian habitats are linked by reciprocal exchanges of insect prey essential to both aquatic and terrestrial consumers. Aquatic insects comprise a large proportion of total prey in riparian habitats and are opportunistically exploited...

["Ecology","Freshwater Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5141
55 downloads
279 views

Background Many species of birds are morphologically and physiologically adapted for migration. Migratory movements of birds can range from thousands of kilometers, such as when birds migrate from wintering to breeding sites in summer, to several kilometers, such...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Zoology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5131
46 downloads
165 views

Calixarene framework functionalized bio-polymeric magnetic composites (MSp-TDI-calix) were synthesized and utilized as magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) sorbent for the extraction of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), namely indoprofen (INP),...

["Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Food, Water and Energy Nexus","Green Chemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5108
29 downloads
162 views

The Southern Ocean is an important region for global nitrous oxide (N2O) cycling. The contribution of different source and sink mechanisms is, however, not very well constrained due to a scarcity of seawater data from the area. Here we present high-resolution surface...

["Aquatic and Marine Chemistry","Atmospheric Chemistry","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5100

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