Peer-reviewed Articles

34 downloads
318 views

Background Microorganisms govern important ecosystems processes, in particular the degradation of organic matter (OM). However, microorganisms are rarely considered in efforts to monitor ecosystem health and functioning. Evidence suggests that environmental perturbations...

["Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Soil Science","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4175
91 downloads
334 views

The first natural hybrid in the section Irapeana of the orchid genus Cypripedium is described and illustrated based on Guatemalan material. A molecular evaluation of the discovery is provided. Specimens with intermediate flowers between C. irapeanum and C. dickinsonianum...

["Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4162
198 downloads
1,198 views

Balaenidae (right and bowhead whales) are a key group in understanding baleen whale evolution, because they are the oldest surviving lineage of crown Mysticeti, with a fossil record that dates back ∼20 million years. However, this record is mostly Pliocene and...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4148
75 downloads
404 views

The Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica) is an unusual, scale-covered, toothless mammal that specializes in myrmecophagy. Due to their threatened status and continuing decline in the wild, concerted efforts have been made to conserve and rescue this species in captivity...

["Conservation Biology","Genomics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4140
57 downloads
287 views

Previous research has indicated that inner ear function might be modulated by visual attention, although the results have not been totally conclusive. Conceivably, modulation of hearing might occur due to stimulation of the cochlea via descending medial olivocochlear...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4199
71 downloads
719 views

A frequency ratio of about 1.06 often appears in cochlear mechanics, and the question naturally arises, why? The ratio is close to that of the semitone (1.059) in music, giving reason to think that this aspect of musical perception might have a cochlear basis....

["Biophysics","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4192
40 downloads
271 views

Histone lysine modifications are important epigenetic modifications in early embryonic development. JARID2, which is a member of the jumonji demethylase protein family, is a regulator of early embryonic development and can regulate mouse development and embryonic...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4189
55 downloads
343 views

Schistosomiasis is a detrimental neglected tropical disease that is transmitted by Planorbid snails. Understanding the transmission and control of this disease requires an extensive understanding of these intermediate hosts, which is only achieved by the effective...

["Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4171
44 downloads
240 views

Wheat stem rust, caused by Puccinia granimis f. sp. tritici, severely affects wheat production, but it has been effectively controlled in China since the 1970s. However, the appearance and spread of wheat stem rust races Ug99 (TTKSK, virulence to Sr31), TKTTF (virulence...

["Agricultural Science","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4146
39 downloads
204 views

Background Pretreatment platelet count has been reported as a potential tool to predict survival outcome in several solid tumors. However, the predictive value of pretreatment platelet count remains obscure in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) excluding acute...

["Hematology","Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4139
47 downloads
261 views

Understanding the factors that alter competitive interactions and coexistence between plants is a key issue in ecological research. A pot experiment was conducted to test the effects of root interaction and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation on the...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4183
59 downloads
232 views

Phosphorylation exerts a crucial role in multiple biological cellular processes which is catalyzed by protein kinases and closely related to many diseases. Identification of kinase–substrate relationships is important for understanding phosphorylation and provides...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4182
36 downloads
290 views

Arbutin (p-hydroxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside), a well-known tyrosinase inhibitor, has been widely used as a cosmetic whitening agent. Although its natural role is to scavenge free radicals within cells, it has also exhibited useful activities for the treatment...

["Animal Behavior","Biochemistry","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4170
52 downloads
336 views

Background Early detection and treatment are the most important elements in reducing the incidence of melanoma deaths. Acquired melanocytic naevi (AMN) are well-known precursors of melanoma but most of our knowledge on the clinico-dermoscopic phenotypes of AMN...

["Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4168
63 downloads
281 views

Background Using Smith’s (1986) cognitive-affective model of athletic burnout as a guiding framework, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among athletes’ stress in life, negative thoughts, and the mediating role of negative thoughts on the...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4181

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