Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

139 downloads
663 views

RNA-Seq is a recent and efficient technique that uses the capabilities of next-generation sequencing technology for characterizing and quantifying transcriptomes. One important task using gene-expression data is to identify a small subset of genes that can be used...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Statistics","Medical Genetics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3890
94 downloads
289 views

Background Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) has immunomodulatory activities on porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The immunomodulatory effects of APS on porcine endothelial cells (ECs) expose to classical swine fever virus (CSFV) remain unknown. Methods...

["Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3862
69 downloads
358 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
64 downloads
365 views

The cane toad (Rhinella marina) has undergone rapid evolution during its invasion of tropical Australia. Toads from invasion front populations (in Western Australia) have been reported to exhibit a stronger baseline phagocytic immune response than do conspecifics...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3856
229 downloads
2,132 views

The autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR) is an atypical sensory phenomenon involving electrostatic-like tingling sensations in response to certain sensory, primarily audio-visual, stimuli. The current study used an online questionnaire, completed by 130...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3846
52 downloads
160 views

Background For children worldwide, diarrhea is the second leading cause of death. These deaths are preventable by fluid resuscitation. Nasogastric tubes (NGs) have been shown to be equivalent to intravenous fluids for rehydration and recommended by the World Health...

["Global Health","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3829
84 downloads
364 views

Objective The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. Methods Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3900
100 downloads
354 views

Background Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are of great potential as novel antibiotics for the treatment of broad spectrum of pathogenic microorganisms including resistant bacteria. In this study, the mechanisms of action and the therapeutic efficacy of the hybrid...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3887
65 downloads
311 views

Background Providing mobility skills training to manual wheelchair (MWC) users can have a positive impact on community participation, confidence and quality of life. Often such training is restricted or not provided at all because of the expense of, and limited...

["Clinical Trials","Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3879
57 downloads
241 views

Background Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Diabetic complications have recently been associated with a measure of glucose metabolism known as the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI). Currently there...

["Cardiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3875
231 downloads
1,398 views

Two new species of therocephalian therapsids are described from the upper Permian Teekloof Formation of the Karoo Basin, South Africa. They include two specimens of a whaitsiid, Microwhaitsia mendrezi gen. et sp. nov., and a single, small whaitsioid Ophidostoma...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3868
213 downloads
945 views

Segmentation of histopathology sections is a necessary preprocessing step for digital pathology. Due to the large variability of biological tissue, machine learning techniques have shown superior performance over conventional image processing methods. Here we present...

["Bioengineering","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3874
109 downloads
298 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker for severity and complications of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in kidney transplantation (KT) patients. This prospective cross-sectional...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3847
414 downloads
13,683 views

The American Psychiatric Association has identified Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a potential psychiatric condition and called for research to investigate its etiology, stability, and impacts on health and behavior. The present study recruited 5,777 American...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science Policy","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3838
90 downloads
621 views

Background A growing set of studies has shown a positive relationship between aerobic fitness and a broad array of cognitive functions. However, few studies have focused on sustained attention, which has been considered a fundamental cognitive process that underlies...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3831

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