Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

54 downloads
191 views

Introduction Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common in the presence of other significantly narrowed coronary arteries. The impact of total occlusion and its association with completeness of revascularization on patients with multivessel disease undergoing coronary...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4909
115 downloads
2,433 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
97 downloads
481 views

A robust and accurate gene expression signature is essential to assist oncologists to determine which subset of patients at similar Tumor-Lymph Node-Metastasis (TNM) stage has high recurrence risk and could benefit from adjuvant therapies. Here we applied a two-step...

["Bioinformatics","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4942
52 downloads
380 views

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7 (CCL7), a CC chemokine, is a chemotactic factor and attractant for various kinds of leukocytes, including monocytes and neutrophils. CCL7 is widely expressed in multiple cell types and can participate in anti-inflammatory responses...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4928
45 downloads
270 views

Background Haemophilus parasuis is a commensal organism of the upper respiratory tract of healthy pigs and causes high morbidity and mortality in piglets. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of H. parasuis in China from 2014 to 2017. Methods...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5040
61 downloads
345 views

Background The vermiform appendix serves as a “safe house” for maintaining normal gut bacteria and appendectomy may impair the intestinal microbiota. Appendectomy is expected to profoundly alter the immune system and modulate the pathogenic inflammatory immune...

["Microbiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5019
64 downloads
353 views

Candidemia and other forms of invasive fungal infections caused by Candida glabrata and to a lesser extent Saccharomyces cerevisiae are a serious health problem, especially if their steadily rising resistance to the limited range of antifungal drugs is taken into...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4999
63 downloads
303 views

Background It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Global Health","Kinesiology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4994
273 downloads
1,655 views

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the Electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the serratus anterior between 45° kettlebell carries and 90° kettlebell carries. Thirty-three men aged roughly between 19 and 23 and who were either college or professional...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5044
65 downloads
372 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
81 downloads
403 views

Background The “One Health” concept recognizes that human health and animal health are interdependent and bound to the health of the ecosystem in which they (co)exist. This interconnection favors the transmission of bacteria and other infectious agents as well...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4974
1 citation
54 downloads
305 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
51 downloads
430 views

Background Infants and children travel using passports that are typically valid for five years (e.g. Canada, United Kingdom, United States and Australia). These individuals may also need to be identified using images taken from videos and other sources in forensic...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5010
71 downloads
406 views

Background Electrical stimulation (ES) has a long history of successful use in the clinical treatment of refractory, non-healing bone fractures and has recently been proposed as an adjunct to bone tissue-engineering treatments to optimize their therapeutic potential....

["Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4959
136 downloads
787 views

The patterns of bone modeling and mineral mobilization (skeletal homeostasis) among mammals other than humans and laboratory rodents are still poorly known. In this study we assessed the pattern of bone formation and bone resorption in the femur of a wild population...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4944

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