Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

92 downloads
298 views

Background Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), which is characterized by an increased presence of thyroid autoantibodies (TAbs), such as antibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPOAbs) and antibodies against thyroglobulin (TgAbs), has been reported to be associated...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4216
207 downloads
988 views

Background Until recently, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae were rarely identified in Australia. Following an increase in the number of incident cases across the state of Victoria, we undertook a real-time combined genomic...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4210
86 downloads
611 views

The introduction of antibiotics for both medical and non-medical purposes has had a positive effect on human welfare and agricultural output in the past century. However, there is also an important ecological legacy regarding the use of antibiotics and the consequences...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Health Policy","Public Health","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4197
251 downloads
819 views

Cherries are fruits containing fiber and bioactive compounds (e.g., polyphenolics) with the potential of helping patients with diabetes and weight disorders, a phenomenon likely related to changes in the complex host-microbiota milieu. The objective of this study...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4195
85 downloads
383 views

Background Clear aligners are well known for facilitating oral hygiene maintenance and decreasing susceptibility to periodontal diseases as compared to conventional fixed appliances. However, few research studies focus on the subgingival microbial community during...

["Microbiology","Dentistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4207
89 downloads
462 views

Background The prognosis of gastric cancer is difficult to determine, although clinical indicators provide valuable evidence. Methods In this study, using screened biomarkers of gastric cancer in combination with random forest variable hunting and multivariable...

["Bioinformatics","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4204
137 downloads
1,108 views

Recent studies have implicated exotropia as a risk factor for schizophrenia. We determined whether schizophrenia biomarkers have abnormal levels of expression in extraocular muscles from patients with strabismus and explored whether differences in gene expression...

["Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4214
199 downloads
727 views

Tumor occurrence, progression and metastasis depend on the crosstalk between tumor cells and stromal cells and on extrinsic factors outside the tumor microenvironment. Exosomal microRNA (miRNA) not only is involved in communications within the tumor microenvironment...

["Biochemistry","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4196
87 downloads
459 views

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. An outbreak of FMD can produce devastating economic losses for a considerable length of time. In order to investigate the distribution characteristics of FMD in China, data from...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4193
72 downloads
550 views

This study investigated semantic and perceptual influences on false recognition in older and young adults in a variant on the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. In two experiments, participants encoded intermixed sets of semantically associated words, and sets...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4184
62 downloads
352 views

Previous research has indicated that inner ear function might be modulated by visual attention, although the results have not been totally conclusive. Conceivably, modulation of hearing might occur due to stimulation of the cochlea via descending medial olivocochlear...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4199
82 downloads
808 views

A frequency ratio of about 1.06 often appears in cochlear mechanics, and the question naturally arises, why? The ratio is close to that of the semitone (1.059) in music, giving reason to think that this aspect of musical perception might have a cochlear basis....

["Biophysics","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4192
59 downloads
264 views

Background Pretreatment platelet count has been reported as a potential tool to predict survival outcome in several solid tumors. However, the predictive value of pretreatment platelet count remains obscure in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) excluding acute...

["Hematology","Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4139
65 downloads
481 views

Background Early detection and treatment are the most important elements in reducing the incidence of melanoma deaths. Acquired melanocytic naevi (AMN) are well-known precursors of melanoma but most of our knowledge on the clinico-dermoscopic phenotypes of AMN...

["Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4168
106 downloads
397 views

Background Using Smith’s (1986) cognitive-affective model of athletic burnout as a guiding framework, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among athletes’ stress in life, negative thoughts, and the mediating role of negative thoughts on the...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4181

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