Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

58 downloads
1,441 views

Background The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. Objectives...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5737
50 downloads
160 views

Background Oxidative stress (OS) is a key characteristic feature in cancer initiation and progression. Among multiple cancers, NADPH oxidase (NOX) dependent free radical production is implicated in oxidative stress. P22phox, a subunit of NADPH oxidase encoded by...

["Genetics","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5509
48 downloads
236 views

Objective Burn wounds are a global public health problem, and a large number of casualties are caused by burns each year. In this study, we explored the epidemiological characteristics associated with burns and the factors affecting the length of hospital stay...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5740
66 downloads
442 views

Background One of the mechanisms responsible for enhancing muscular hypertrophy is the high metabolic stress associated with a reduced muscular oxygenation occurring during exercise, which can be achieved by reducing the speed of movement. Studies have tested that...

["Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5704
80 downloads
296 views

Both age and intensive exercise are generally considered critical risk factors for osteoarthritis. In this work, we intend to establish zebrafish models to assess the role of these two factors on cartilage homeostasis. We designed a swimming device for zebrafish...

["Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5739
78 downloads
373 views

Background This study aimed to investigate whether performance in a multiple object tracking (MOT) task could be improved incrementally with sports expertise, and whether differences between experienced and less experienced athletes, or non-athletes, were modulated...

["Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5732
70 downloads
304 views

Studies on the adverse health effects caused by azo dyes are insufficient and quite contradictory. This work aims to investigate the possible toxic effect of two types of widely used food additives, Sunset Yellow and Allura Red, by assessing the physiological,...

["Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Toxicology","Public Health","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5689
63 downloads
262 views

Background Candida albicans is a commensal fungus that inhabits the oral mucosal surface and causes oral and systemic candidiasis. Oral candidiasis most commonly occurs in patients with AIDS, denture wearers and newborn children. Systemic candidiasis occurs mainly...

["Microbiology","Dentistry","Infectious Diseases","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5685
52 downloads
265 views

Background The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) is a widely-used, 16-item measure of concussion symptoms yet its ability to assess change in the symptom experience over time has come under criticism. We applied Generalisability theory to differentiate...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5676
70 downloads
216 views

Background The objective of this study was to characterize the oral microflora profile of primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) patients, thereby revealing the connection between oral bacterial composition and dental caries, and to identify the “core microbiome” in...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Dentistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5649
1 citation
146 downloads
1,496 views

Introduction Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications. E-cigarettes have emerged as a potential smoking cessation tool. We sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of e-cigarettes, compared to nicotine patch,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5609
1 citation
55 downloads
228 views

Recent research has shown that a brief, casual touch administered by an outgroup member reduces prejudice towards the group to which the toucher belongs. In this study, we take the research on physical contact and prejudice a step further by addressing the relation...

["Anthropology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5680
95 downloads
333 views

Background Acetylsalicylic acid was renamed aspirin in 1899, and it has been widely used for its multiple biological actions. Because of the diversity of the cellular processes and diseases that aspirin reportedly affects and benefits, uncertainty remains regarding...

["Bioinformatics","Drugs and Devices","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5667
74 downloads
821 views

Background Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to its rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5677
151 downloads
578 views

Background Dengue fever has rapidly manifested into a serious global health concern. The emergence of various viral serotypes has prompted the urgent need for innovative drug design techniques. Of the viral non-structural enzymes, the NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5068

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