Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

101 downloads
1,359 views

Introduction Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications. E-cigarettes have emerged as a potential smoking cessation tool. We sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of e-cigarettes, compared to nicotine patch,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5609
41 downloads
191 views

Recent research has shown that a brief, casual touch administered by an outgroup member reduces prejudice towards the group to which the toucher belongs. In this study, we take the research on physical contact and prejudice a step further by addressing the relation...

["Anthropology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5680
66 downloads
260 views

Background Acetylsalicylic acid was renamed aspirin in 1899, and it has been widely used for its multiple biological actions. Because of the diversity of the cellular processes and diseases that aspirin reportedly affects and benefits, uncertainty remains regarding...

["Bioinformatics","Drugs and Devices","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5667
58 downloads
758 views

Background Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to its rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5677
110 downloads
493 views

Background Dengue fever has rapidly manifested into a serious global health concern. The emergence of various viral serotypes has prompted the urgent need for innovative drug design techniques. Of the viral non-structural enzymes, the NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5068
46 downloads
318 views

Microbiota-driven variations in the inflammatory response are predicted to regulate host responses to infection. Increasing evidence indicates that the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts have an intimate relationship with each other. Gut microbiota can influence...

["Biodiversity","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5637
75 downloads
1,487 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
53 downloads
248 views

Objective The benefits of IL-35 treatment have been verified in multiple animal models of diseases, while its influence on T cells immunity under normal condition still needs to be elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate the effects modulating...

["Immunology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5638
61 downloads
264 views

Müller glia in the zebrafish retina respond to retinal damage by re-entering the cell cycle, which generates large numbers of retinal progenitors that ultimately replace the lost neurons. In this study we compared the regenerative outcomes of adult zebrafish exposed...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5646
47 downloads
173 views

Introduction The present study investigated the crucial role of inflammation-based prognostic scores in locally advanced cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who underwent curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Methods There were 411...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5655
101 downloads
362 views

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide with human papillomavirus (HPV) being the main cause the disease. Chromosomal amplifications have been identified as a source of upregulation for cervical cancer driver genes but cannot fully explain...

["Computational Biology","Microbiology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5590
53 downloads
284 views

Dysfunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental diseases like schizophrenia. To study the effects of NMDAR dysfunction on synaptic transmission and network oscillations, we used hippocampal...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5543
60 downloads
586 views

Individuals with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are often characterized by deficits in working memory (WM), which manifest in academic, professional, and mental health difficulties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these presumed...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5601
71 downloads
238 views

Purpose Most studies on neuroblastoma (NB) have been conducted in Western countries or Japan. The objective of our study was to analyze clinical and pathological features, MYCN status, surgical methods, and prognosis in Chinese NB patients. Methods A retrospective,...

["Oncology","Pediatrics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5665
61 downloads
441 views

Background Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that resemble the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in the general population, and it is associated with various subclinical mental health problems, including sleep disturbances. Additionally, dimensions of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5615

Refine by manuscript type

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas