Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

20 downloads
233 views

Background 2′–4′ Dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) induced contact hypersensitivity is an established model of contact sensitivity and leukocyte migration. Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (PECAM-1) deficient mice were used to examine the role of PECAM-1...

["Cell Biology","Dermatology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3555
22 downloads
160 views

Background Frailty exhibits a high prevalence in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and is associated with adverse health-related outcomes, including falls and fractures. Available studies do not address whether frailty is associated with temporal changes...

["Geriatrics","Nephrology","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3542
27 downloads
185 views

Background In humans, non-stereotactic frameless neuronavigation systems are used as a topographical tool for non-invasive brain stimulation methods such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). TMS studies in dogs may provide treatment modalities for several...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3425
42 downloads
272 views

Background Renal supportive care (RSC) is an important option for elderly individuals reaching end-stage renal disease; however, the frequency of RSC practice is very low among Asian countries. We evaluated the attitude, the knowledge, and the preference for specific...

["Geriatrics","Nephrology","Public Health","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3540
32 downloads
198 views

Background There is currently no study that has evaluated the differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics among rosacea patients according to different facial sites. Methods Clinical and demographic data were obtained from 586 rosacea patients....

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3527
51 downloads
302 views

Objective An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a challenge for an individual’s quality of life (QOL). In several chronic illnesses acceptance has been found to be associated with a better health-related quality of life. This study investigated whether this relationship...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3545
49 downloads
353 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
31 downloads
236 views

Background Mental illness may strongly affect relatives’ lives. Therefore, it is important to empower relatives by providing health information according to their preferences. Methods An online cross-sectional survey was conducted using a purpose-designed questionnaire...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3378
43 downloads
231 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3476
36 downloads
271 views

Background Other studies have assessed nonadherence to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but none has developed a screening test for its detection. Objectives To construct and internally validate a predictive model for nonadherence to PPIs. Methods This prospective...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pharmacology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3455
47 downloads
495 views

According to the logic of the Trivers–Willard hypothesis, in a human population, if socioeconomic status is transmitted across generations to some extent, and if sons of high-status parents tend to have higher reproductive success than daughters, while daughters...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3546
36 downloads
228 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is used for the systemic treatment of bone diseases, although it has many side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate a newly formulated OPG-chitosan gel for local application to repair bone defects. Recent studies have...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3513
55 downloads
422 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory has been traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. Typically, episodic memory evaluation is based on personal interviews and pen-and-paper tests. This article presents the design,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3508
100 downloads
873 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507
28 downloads
127 views

Objective To compare the risk of postoperative ureteral stricture formation following retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) and ureteroscopy with holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy (URSL) in patients with proximal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3483

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