Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

40 downloads
489 views

Background Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pecorum are important veterinary pathogens, with the former also being responsible for zoonoses, and the latter adversely affecting koala populations in Australia and livestock globally. The rapid detection of these organisms...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3799
37 downloads
367 views

Background New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in critically ill patients. Although evidence base and expert consensus opinion for management have been summarised in several international guidelines, no specific considerations for critically...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology","Emergency and Critical Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3716
63 downloads
299 views

In recent years, the use of lectins for screening of potential biomarkers has gained increased importance in cancer research, given the development in glycobiology that highlights altered structural changes of glycans in cancer associated processes. Lectins, having...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3784
45 downloads
315 views

Once the general decline in muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance falls below specific thresholds, the middle aged or older adult will be diagnosed as having sarcopenia (a loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength). Sarcopenia contributes to a range...

["Geriatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3768
24 downloads
193 views

A new method for automatic optic disc localization and segmentation is presented. The localization procedure combines vascular and brightness information to provide the best estimate of the optic disc center which is the starting point for the segmentation algorithm....

["Ophthalmology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3763
33 downloads
237 views

Background It has been believed that the contribution of fat oxidation to total energy expenditure is becoming negligible at higher exercise intensities (about 85% VO2max). The aim of the present study was to examine the changes in substrate oxidation during high-intensity...

["Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3769
39 downloads
281 views

A study was carried out to assess the effect of Stress Coat® on slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio). The study also investigated histological changes that might be associated with slime producing cells, and wound healing in...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3759
56 downloads
276 views

Background Standard two-dimensional (2D) cell migration assays do not provide information about vertical invasion processes, which are critical for melanoma progression. We provide information about three-dimensional (3D) melanoma cell migration, proliferation...

["Cell Biology","Oncology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3754
45 downloads
326 views

Background Wii Fit was originally designed as a health and fitness interactive training experience for the general public. There are, however, many examples of Wii Fit being utilized in clinical settings. This article aims to identify the contribution of Wii Fit...

["Drugs and Devices","Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3600
18 downloads
142 views

Background Because etomidate induces prolonged adrenal suppression, even following a single bolus, its use as an infused anesthetic is limited. Our previous study indicated that a single administration of the novel etomidate analog methoxyethyletomidate hydrochloride...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3693
62 downloads
285 views

Background Preterm birth is a main determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and a major contributor to the overall mortality and burden of disease. However, research of the preterm birth is hindered by the imprecise definition of the clinical phenotype and...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3685
34 downloads
299 views

The perceived duration of a sound is affected by its fundamental frequency and intensity: higher sounds are judged to be longer, as are sounds with greater intensity. Since increasing intensity lengthens the perceived duration of the auditory object, and increasing...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3734
48 downloads
316 views

Background Indigenous populations of the circumpolar Arctic are considered to be endemically infected (>2% prevalence) with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with subgenotype B5 (formerly B6) unique to these populations. The distinctive properties of HBV/B5, including high...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3757
53 downloads
326 views

Background A well-functioning immune defence is crucial for fitness, but our knowledge about the immune system and its complex interactions is still limited. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules are involved in T-cell mediated adaptive immune responses,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Zoology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3679
222 downloads
1,422 views

Mammals as a rule have seven cervical vertebrae, a number that remains remarkably constant. Changes of this number are associated with major congenital abnormalities (pleiotropic effects) that are, at least in humans, strongly selected against. Recently, it was...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Veterinary Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3684

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