Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

26 downloads
323 views

Purpose Various strategies for improving reliability of fascicle identification on ultrasound images are used in practice, yet these strategies are untested for effectiveness. Studies suggest that the largest part of differences between fascicle lengths on one...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4164
19 downloads
90 views

Purpose This study aims at verifying whether proprioception is abnormal or not, two weeks after a grade 1 and 2 ankle sprain in the scope of work-related accident. Methods A descriptive, observation and transversal study was designed to compare speed, movement...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4163
17 downloads
78 views

In this study, equine source polyclonal anti-Bacillus anthracis immunoglobulins were generated and utilized to demonstrate passive protection of mice in a lethal challenge assay. Four horses were hyper-immunized with B. anthracis Sterne strain for approximately...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3907
24 downloads
207 views

Background CD4 cell count in adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (PLHIV) not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) influences tuberculosis (TB) risk. Despite widespread use in models informing resource allocation, this relationship has not...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4165
30 downloads
134 views

Background Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex, multisystem genetic disorder characterized by a variety of physical, cognitive, and behavioral impairments. PWS is a unique sarcopenia model characterized by an abnormal increase in body fat mass and a decrease...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pediatrics","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4097
26 downloads
124 views

Muscle mass loss and wasting are characteristic features of patients with chronic conditions including cancer. Therapeutic options are still scarce. We hypothesized that cachexia-induced muscle oxidative stress may be attenuated in response to treatment with beta2-adrenoceptor-selective...

["Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4109
16 downloads
155 views

Background and Purpose Oxidative stress is involved in normal and pathological functioning of skeletal muscle. Protection of myoblasts from oxidative stress may improve muscle contraction and delay aging. Here we studied the effect of R. coriaria sumac fruit extract...

["Cell Biology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4144
60 downloads
309 views

Background The purpose of this review was to determine the most valid and reliable questions for targeting key modes of sedentary behaviour (SB) in a broad range of national and international health surveillance surveys. This was done by reviewing the SB modules...

["Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4130
186 downloads
1,701 views

Previous investigations document functional and phylogenetic signals in the histology of dinosaur teeth. In particular, incremental lines in dentin have been used to determine tooth growth and replacement rates in several dinosaurian clades. However, to date, few...

["Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology","Dentistry","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4129
38 downloads
654 views

Background Left-sided and right-sided colon cancers (LCCs and RCCs, respectively) differ in their epidemiology, pathogenesis, genetic and epigenetic alterations, molecular pathways and prognosis. Notably, immune response gene expression profiles have been shown...

["Immunology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4153
109 downloads
448 views

Background An increasingly large share of diet comes from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), which are assemblages of food substances designed to create durable, convenient and palatable ready-to-eat products. There is increasing evidence that high UPF consumption is...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Health Policy","Nutrition","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4091
972 downloads
1,849 views

Background Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4151
26 downloads
151 views

Background Bedside non-invasive techniques, such as radial artery tonometry, to estimate hemodynamic parameters have gained increased relevance as an attractive alternative and efficient method to measure hemodynamics in outpatient departments. For our pilot study,...

["Cardiology","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4132
37 downloads
311 views

Previously, we revealed that several kampo medicines used for patients with excess and/or medium patterns (kakkonto (TJ-1), shosaikoto (TJ-9), hangeshashinto (TJ-14), and orento (TJ-120)) reduced prostaglandin (PG)E2 levels using LPS-treated human gingival fibroblasts...

["Cell Biology","Dentistry","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4120
94 downloads
401 views

This study evaluated the acute effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on a high-intensity intermittent exercise performance and physiological indicators in amateur soccer players. Thirteen players (21.5 ± 2 yrs) attended three trials separated by 3–5 days in...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4118

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