Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
8 downloads
44 views

Background Assessing psychological pain has been recommended as an integral part of a comprehensive suicide risk assessment. The Psychache Scale, an established measure of psychological pain, does not specify a time frame for when pain is experienced, which may...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3491
10 downloads
72 views

Background The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI)...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3487
15 downloads
122 views

Obtaining human population level estimates of the prevalence of foodborne pathogens is critical for understanding outbreaks and ameliorating such threats to public health. Estimates are difficult to obtain due to logistic and financial constraints, but citizen...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3480
13 downloads
68 views

Background Pharyngitis is an inflammatory condition of the pharynx and associated structures commonly caused by the Group A streptococci (GAS). There is a growing interest in discovering plant-based anti-inflammatory compounds as potential alternatives to conventional...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3469
21 downloads
129 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
23 downloads
154 views

Empirical and mechanistic modeling indicate that pathogens transmitted via aerially dispersed inoculum follow a power law, resulting in dispersive epidemic waves. The spread parameter (b) of the power law model, which is an indicator of the distance of the epidemic...

["Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3465
33 downloads
493 views

Bariatric surgery is highly successful in improving health compared to conventional dietary treatments. It has been suggested that the gut microbiota is a relevant factor in weight loss after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric procedures cause different...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3443
138 downloads
341 views

Some evidence suggests that bone health can be regulated by gut microbiota. To better understand this, we performed 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing to analyze the intestinal microbial diversity in primary osteoporosis (OP) patients, osteopenia (ON) patients and normal...

["Microbiology","Orthopedics","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3450
48 downloads
241 views

Aim To investigate the association of C-MYC protein expression and risk stratification in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and to evaluate the utility of C-MYC protein as a prognostic biomarker in clinical practice. Methods We conducted immunohistochemical staining...

["Hematology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3457
63 downloads
201 views

Subclinical mastitis is a persistent problem in dairy farms worldwide. Environmental Escherichia coli is the bacterium predominantly responsible for this condition. In Thailand, subclinical mastitis in dairy cows is usually treated with various antibiotics, which...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3431
34 downloads
211 views

Background c-Kit is a receptor tyrosine kinase present in multiple cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). However, little is known about how c-Kit influences SMC biology and vascular pathogenesis. Methods High-throughput microarray assays and...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3418
36 downloads
312 views

The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents’ responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child’s current level of...

["Mathematical Biology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3384
34 downloads
154 views

Disturbance from the normal developmental trajectory of a trait during growth—the so-called developmental instability—can be observed morphologically through phenodeviants and subtle deviations from perfect symmetry (fluctuating asymmetry). This study investigates...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3359
77 downloads
483 views

A complete understanding of the feeding structures is fundamental in order to study how animals survive. Some birds use long and protrusible tongues as the main tool to collect their central caloric source (e.g., woodpeckers and nectarivores). Hummingbirds are...

["Biophysics","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3449

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