Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

123 downloads
648 views

Coral reefs are important habitats that represent global marine biodiversity hotspots and provide important benefits to people in many tropical regions. However, coral reefs are becoming increasingly threatened by climate change, overfishing, habitat destruction,...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4308
107 downloads
249 views

Background Primary cultures from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) allow scientists to obtain representative cells that have conserved most of their original characteristics, function, physiology and biochemistry. This technique has thus gained significant importance...

["Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4302
471 downloads
4,313 views

Background Interspecific competition affects species fitness, community assemblages and structure, and the geographic distributions of species. Established dominance hierarchies among species mitigate the need for fighting and contribute to the realized niche for...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4293
108 downloads
659 views

Genomic signal processing (GSP) methods which convert DNA data to numerical values have recently been proposed, which would offer the opportunity of employing existing digital signal processing methods for genomic data. One of the most used methods for exploring...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4264
190 downloads
1,364 views

Background Few studies have assessed the effectiveness of the Protected Area networks on the conservation status of target species. Here, we assess the effectiveness of the Portuguese Natura 2000 (the European Union network of protected areas) in maintaining a...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4284
185 downloads
1,043 views

Portunoidea is a diverse lineage of ecologically and economically important marine crabs comprising 8 families and 14 subfamilies. Closely related portunid subfamilies Caphyrinae and Thalamitinae constitute some of this group’s greatest morphological and taxonomic...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4260
292 downloads
301 views

The grass Ammophila breviligulata (American beachgrass) is known to host an endophyte of the genus Epichloë. Based on morphological characteristics it was originally identified as Acremonium typhinum var. ammophilae and is currently designated as Epichloë typhina...

["Agricultural Science","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4300
140 downloads
3,694 views

Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) often suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms and many are diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Previous studies, including from our laboratory, have demonstrated that the ME/CFS...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4282
52 downloads
216 views

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) caused by infection of the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini, (Ov) is the major public health problem in northeast Thailand. Following Ov infection the subsequent molecular changes can be associated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced...

["Molecular Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4281
192 downloads
2,108 views

Background Regional diversity in the morphology of the H. erectus postcranium is not broadly documented, in part, because of the paucity of Asian sites preserving postcranial fossils. Yet, such an understanding of the initial hominin taxon to spread throughout...

["Anthropology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4279
125 downloads
579 views

Driven by the growing recognition of the influence of the gut microbiota (GM) on human health and disease, there is a rapidly increasing interest in understanding how dietary components, pharmaceuticals and pre- and probiotics influence GM. In vitro colon models...

["Biotechnology","Food Science and Technology","Genetics","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4268
95 downloads
1,063 views

The Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) has undergone significant changes in air and seawater temperatures during the last 50 years. Although highly stenotherm Antarctic organisms are expected to be severely affected by the increase of seawater temperature, high-resolution...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4289
129 downloads
1,950 views

Zebrafish are increasingly used as a vertebrate model organism for various traits including swimming performance, obesity and metabolism, necessitating high-throughput protocols to generate standardized phenotypic information. Here, we propose a novel and cost-effective...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4292
57 downloads
236 views

The genome of the chlorarchiniophyte Bigelowiella natans codes for a protein annotated as an α-actinin-like protein. Analysis of the primary sequence indicate that this protein has the same domain structure as other α-actinins, a N-terminal actin-binding domain...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4288
106 downloads
611 views

In group-living animals, heterogeneity in individuals’ social connections may mediate the sharing of microbial infectious agents. In this regard, the genetic relatedness of individuals’ commensal gut bacterium Escherichia coli may be ideal to assess the potential...

["Animal Behavior","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4271

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