Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

59 downloads
489 views

Background Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) are involved in the development and function of multiple organs and organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS). FGF signaling via FGFR1, one of the three FGFRs expressed in the...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3519
42 downloads
392 views

Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) are a family of receptor tyrosine kinases containing three domains: an extracellular receptor domain, a single transmembrane helix, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. FGFRs are activated by fibroblast growth...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3512
59 downloads
315 views

Background Body Mass Index (BMI) is widely regarded as an important clinical trait for obesity and other diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and osteoarthritis. Methods This study uses 6,011 samples of genotype data from ethnic Korean subjects....

["Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3510
41 downloads
219 views

Sponges are key organisms in the marine benthos where they play essential roles in ecological processes such as creating new niches, competition for resources, and organic matter recycling. Despite the increasing number of taxonomical studies, many sponge species...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3490
59 downloads
359 views

The fossil record of Red Sea fringing reefs provides an opportunity to study the history of coral-reef survival and recovery in the context of extreme environmental change. The Middle Pleistocene, the Late Pleistocene, and modern reefs represent three periods of...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Marine Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3504
42 downloads
227 views

MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs, which negatively regulate the expression of target genes. They have emerged as important modulators in beta cell compensation upon increased metabolic demand, failure of which leads to reduced insulin secretion and type 2 diabetes....

["Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3503
202 downloads
998 views

Background During the Late Jurassic, several groups of eucryptodiran turtles inhabited the shallow epicontinental seas of Western Europe. Plesiochelyidae are an important part of this first radiation of crown-group turtles into coastal marine ecosystems. Fossils...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3482
45 downloads
271 views

Artifacts removal and rhythms extraction from electroencephalography (EEG) signals are important for portable and wearable EEG recording devices. Incorporating a novel grouping rule, we proposed an adaptive singular spectrum analysis (SSA) method for artifacts...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3474
56 downloads
347 views

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third commonest malignant tumor. Previous studies have revealed that the composition change of the human gut microbiome, measured by community diversity, is associated with the progression of CRC. However, a further question, whether...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3383
115 downloads
686 views

Lophotidae, or crestfishes, is a family of rare deep-sea teleosts characterised by an enlarged horn-like crest on the forehead. They are poorly represented in the fossil record, by only three described taxa. One specimen attributed to Lophotidae has been described...

["Biodiversity","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3381
49 downloads
226 views

Background Amoebiasis is the third most common parasitic cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in countries with poor hygienic settings. There exists an ambiguity in the diagnosis of amoebiasis, and hence there arises a necessity for a better diagnostic...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Parasitology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3160
786 downloads
15,909 views

Parrots (Psittaciformes) are a diverse group of birds which need urgent protection. However, many taxa from this order have an unresolved status, which makes their conservation difficult. One species-rich parrot genus is Amazona, which is widely distributed in...

["Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3475
489 downloads
5,388 views

The sauropod of El Oterillo II is a specimen that was excavated from the Castrillo de la Reina Formation (Burgos, Spain), late Barremian–early Aptian, in the 2000s but initially remained undescribed. A tooth and elements of the axial skeleton, and the scapular...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3409
38 downloads
311 views

Trichogramma wasps are tiny parasitoids of lepidopteran eggs, used extensively for biological control. They are often infected with the bacterial symbiont Wolbachia, which converts Trichogramma to an asexual mode of reproduction, whereby females develop from unfertilized...

["Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3505
60 downloads
347 views

Toxicity issues and biocompatibility concerns with traditional classical chemical cross-linking processes prevent them from being universal approaches for hydrogel fabrication for tissue engineering. Physical cross-linking methods are non-toxic and widely used...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3498

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