Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

99 downloads
255 views

When an individual attends to certain types of information more than others, the behavior is termed an attention bias. The occurrence of attention biases in humans and animals can depend on their affective states. Based on evidence from the human literature and...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7033
73 downloads
238 views

Background Although pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria lack their own ubiquitination machinery, they have evolved or acquired virulence effectors that can manipulate the host ubiquitination process through structural and/or functional mimicry of host machinery....

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7055
56 downloads
222 views

Urbanization is one of the most significant land cover transformations, and while climate alteration is one of its most cited ecological consequences we have very limited knowledge on its effect on species’ thermal responses. We investigated whether changes in...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7060
110 downloads
130 views

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is known as determining part of human obesity. The impact of body weight (BW) gain on liver metabolism has not been extensively investigated yet. Objectives To investigate hepatic alterations caused by increasing BW...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7069
109 downloads
342 views

Background Laminitis is a common equine disease characterized by foot pain, and is commonly diagnosed using a five-grade Obel system developed in 1948 using sepsis-related cases. However, endocrinopathic laminitis is now the most common form of the disease and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7084
94 downloads
563 views

Growing nectar- and pollen-rich flowering plant varieties in domestic gardens and other greenspace is an important pro-environmental behaviour that supports pollinating insects. Wildlife gardening is popular in the UK; however, public attitudes and behaviour relating...

["Biodiversity","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7088
125 downloads
298 views

The contralateral organization of the forebrain and the crossing of the optic nerves in the optic chiasm represent a long-standing conundrum. According to the Axial Twist Hypothesis (ATH) the rostral head and the rest of the body are twisted with respect to each...

["Animal Behavior","Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7096
75 downloads
315 views

Cancer is one of the leading cause of death of women worldwide, and breast, ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers contribute significantly to this every year. Developing early genetic-based diagnostic tools may be an effective approach to increase the chances...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Oncology","Women\u2019s Health","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6872
57 downloads
643 views

A substantial body of work has depicted a positive association between physical exercise and cognition, although the key factors driving that link are still a matter of scientific debate. Here, we aimed to contribute further to that topic by pooling the data from...

["Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7118
44 downloads
207 views

Background Grazing activity on periphytic mats determines mat structure and spatial heterogeneity. Spatial complexity in stream periphyton is highly divergent and may depend on the functional traits of the different primary consumers species (i.e., grazers) such...

["Ecology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6747
51 downloads
233 views

Climate change is modifying temperature and precipitation regimes across all seasons in northern ecosystems. Summer temperatures are higher, growing seasons extend into spring and fall and snow cover conditions are more variable during winter. The resistance of...

["Ecology","Plant Science","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6967
48 downloads
179 views

Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are probably the most diverse in structure and function among the various super-families of stress proteins, and they play essential roles in various biological processes. The sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius),...

["Entomology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6992
97 downloads
276 views

Background Autophagy is an important mechanism to maintain homeostasis in cells. It has been linked with ageing and many currently incurable diseases, including heart disease, cancer, myopathies, neurodegeneration, and diabetes. Autophagy research is very important...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7103
513 downloads
426 views

Background Common phylogenomic approaches for recovering phylogenies are often time-consuming and require annotations for orthologous gene relationships that are not always available. In contrast, alignment-free phylogenomic approaches typically use structure and...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6984
234 downloads
251 views

Background Food safety has become a major issue, with serious environmental pollution resulting from losses of nitrogen (N) fertilizers. N is a key element for plant growth and is often one of the most important yield-limiting nutrients in paddy soil. Urea-N immobilization...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7027

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