Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

1,100 downloads
796 views

Although the ultimate causes of high bat fatalities at wind farms are not well understood, several lines of evidence suggest that bats are attracted to wind turbines. One hypothesis is that bats would be attracted to turbines as a foraging resource if the insects...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3985
49 downloads
262 views

As other spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus is supposed to use preferentially proteins and lipids in energy metabolism, while carbohydrates are well digested but poorly utilized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary carbohydrate level on digestion...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3975
54 downloads
923 views

The genus Contulma Flint (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae) is composed mostly of regionally endemic species occurring above 2,000 m, with a few more widespread species and some that are found at lower elevations. Adults of three new species of Contulma are described...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3967
87 downloads
614 views

Background Large carnivores influence ecosystem functions at various scales. Thus, their local extinction is not only a species-specific conservation concern, but also reflects on the overall habitat quality and ecosystem value. Species-habitat relationships at...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3920
69 downloads
368 views

Extensive and in-depth investigations of high-altitude adaptation have been carried out at the level of morphology, anatomy, physiology and genomics, but few investigations focused on the roles of microRNA (miRNA) in high-altitude adaptation. We examined the differences...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3959
57 downloads
626 views

Background Currently, there is limited knowledge about the genetics underlying pigmentary traits in East Asian populations. Here, we report the results of the first genome-wide association study of pigmentary traits (skin and iris color) in individuals of East...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3951
34 downloads
245 views

In female Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), exposure to warm summer temperatures causes a reduction in plasma 17β-estradiol (E2), which impairs downstream vitellogenesis and zonagenesis, and reduces egg fertility and embryo survival. The aim of the present study was...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3897
148 downloads
1,443 views

Background The family Pontoporiidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Inioidea) is currently represented in our oceans by just one species of diminutive dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei, franciscana). Although P. blainvillei is limited to coastal waters of the South Atlantic...

["Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3991
60 downloads
306 views

Background Deficiency of available forms of phosphorus is common in most soils and causes reduction of crop plants growth and yield. Recently, model plants responses to phosphate (Pi) deficiency have been intensively studied. However, acclimation mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3989
42 downloads
162 views

The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of graded dietary lead (Pb) concentrations on body weight and Pb concentrations in blood, hair, soft tissues, and urine from pigs and to generate equations for estimating daily Pb intake. Sixteen barrows...

["Agricultural Science","Toxicology","Nutrition","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3936
40 downloads
221 views

Tick salivary glands play critical roles in maintaining water balance for survival, as they eliminate excess water and ions during blood feeding on hosts. In the long duration of fasting in the off-host period, ticks secrete hygroscopic saliva into the mouth cavity...

["Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3984
65 downloads
229 views

Vallisneria spinulosa is a freshwater aquatic plant of ecological and economic importance. However, there is limited cytogenetic and genomics information on Vallisneria. In this study, we measured the nuclear DNA content of Vallisneria spinulosa by flow cytometry,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Genomics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3982
80 downloads
572 views

Leptopoma is a species rich genus with approximately 100 species documented. Species-level identification in this group has been based on shell morphology and colouration, as well as some anatomical features based on small sample sizes. However, the implications...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3981
47 downloads
249 views

Background The evolution of exaggerated vocal signals in anuran species is an important topic. Males and females have both evolved the ability to discriminate communication sounds. However, the nature of sexual dimorphism in cognition and sensory discrimination...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3980
39 downloads
155 views

Sclerotinia ginseng is a necrotrophic soil pathogen that mainly infects the root and basal stem of ginseng, causing serious commercial losses. Sclerotia, which are important in the fungal life cycle, are hard, asexual, resting structures that can survive in soil...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3979

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