Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

73 downloads
333 views

Paulownia witches’ broom (PaWB) disease caused by phytoplasma is a fatal disease that leads to considerable economic losses. Although there are a few reports describing studies of PaWB pathogenesis, the molecular mechanisms underlying phytoplasma pathogenicity...

["Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3495
44 downloads
232 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3476
53 downloads
450 views

In this study we investigated the variation in grazing scar densities between bleached and non-bleached colonies of massive Porites species in Sekisei Lagoon (Okinawa, southwestern Japan) during a mass bleaching event in 2016. The grazing scar densities and bleaching...

["Biodiversity","Climate Change Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3470
48 downloads
495 views

According to the logic of the Trivers–Willard hypothesis, in a human population, if socioeconomic status is transmitted across generations to some extent, and if sons of high-status parents tend to have higher reproductive success than daughters, while daughters...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3546
61 downloads
422 views

Degraded and secondary forests comprise approximately 50% of remaining tropical forest. Bird community characteristics and population trends in secondary forests are infrequently studied, but secondary forest may serve as a “safety net” for tropical biodiversity....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Natural Resource Management","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3539
36 downloads
204 views

I used radio-telemetry to track the movements of Mangrove Cuckoos (Coccyzus minor) captured in southwest Florida. Relatively little is known about the natural history of Mangrove Cuckoos, and my goal was to provide an initial description of how individuals use...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3534
51 downloads
481 views

We herein examine the only known non-planispirally coiled early Devonian ammonoid, the holotype specimen of Ivoites opitzi, to investigate if the host was encrusted in vivo and if these sclerobionts were responsible for the trochospiral coiling observed in this...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3526
92 downloads
293 views

Excessive sea turtle nest predation is a problem for conservation management of sea turtle populations. This study assessed predation on nests of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) at Wreck Rock beach adjacent to Deepwater National Park in Southeast...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3515
37 downloads
229 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is used for the systemic treatment of bone diseases, although it has many side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate a newly formulated OPG-chitosan gel for local application to repair bone defects. Recent studies have...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3513
57 downloads
413 views

Fourteen of the best sampled Oligo-Miocene local faunas from the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, north-western Queensland, Australia are analysed using classification and ordination techniques to identify potential mammalian palaeocommunities and palaeocommunity...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Palaeontology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3511
58 downloads
426 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory has been traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. Typically, episodic memory evaluation is based on personal interviews and pen-and-paper tests. This article presents the design,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3508
103 downloads
887 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507
114 downloads
452 views

Australian Oligo–Miocene mekosuchines (Crocodylia; Crocodyloidea) display wide diversity in cranial shape and inferred hunting strategies. Terrestrial habitus has been inferred for these distinctive predators. A direct morphological signal for locomotion can be...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3501
67 downloads
551 views

When foraging in a social group, individuals are faced with the choice of sampling their environment directly or exploiting the discoveries of others. The evolutionary dynamics of this trade-off have been explored mathematically through the producer-scrounger game,...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3462
29 downloads
135 views

Screening of mud crab genus Scylla was conducted in four locations (Marudu Bay, Lundu, Taiping, Setiu) representing Malaysia. Scylla olivacea with abnormal primary and secondary sexual characters were prevalent (approximately 42.27% of the local screened S. olivacea...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3419

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