Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

223 downloads
2,115 views

Mourasuchus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) is one of the most peculiar crocodyliforms due to the skull morphology consisting of a long, wide, dorsoventrally flat rostrum with long, slender mandibular rami. Despite these peculiarities, the systematics, phylogeny and...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3056
147 downloads
1,474 views

Urbanization is one of the major anthropogenic processes contributing to local habitat loss and extirpation of numerous species, including wild bees, the most widespread pollinators. Little is known about the mechanisms through which urbanization impacts wild bee...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3051
83 downloads
258 views

Background Sponges are particularly prone to hiding cryptic species as their paradigmatic plasticity often favors species phenotypic convergence as a result of adaptation to similar habitat conditions. Hemimycale is a sponge genus (Family Hymedesmiidae, Order Poecilosclerida)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2958
108 downloads
679 views

Background The practice of feeding of diets containing raw animal products (RAP) to pets (dogs and cats) is discouraged by veterinary organizations and governmental public health organizations. Nevertheless, the practice of feeding RAP to pets is increasing in...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3031
97 downloads
543 views

Background The ergogenic effects of analgesic substances suggest that pain perception is an important regulator of work-rate during fatiguing exercise. Recent research has shown that endogenous inhibitory responses, which act to attenuate nociceptive input and...

["Neuroscience","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3028
185 downloads
7,700 views

Background Much of the recent research in companion animal nutrition has focussed on understanding the role of diet on faecal microbiota composition. To date, diet-induced changes in faecal microbiota observed in humans and rodents have been extrapolated to pets...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3019
88 downloads
570 views

The iconic gastropod genus Cyphoma is commonly observed in the Caribbean, where it lives in association with various octocorallian hosts. Each species in the genus Cyphoma has a unique, characteristic mantle pattern and colouration, which separates the valid taxa....

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3018
187 downloads
2,812 views

Background In vertebrates, the left-and-right pairs of homologous organs are generally present in equal numbers. A remarkable exception is known in the snail-eating snakes of the family Pareidae: almost all the pareid snakes have much more teeth on the right mandible...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3011
81 downloads
268 views

Background In the era of semantic web, life science ontologies play an important role in tasks such as annotating biological objects, linking relevant data pieces, and verifying data consistency. Understanding ontology structures and overlapping ontologies is essential...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2990
49 downloads
248 views

Background Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease characterised by the accumulation of aggregated proteins, microglia activation and motor neuron loss. The mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration and disease progression...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3064
37 downloads
225 views

Trypanosoma brucei brucei (TBB) belongs to the unicellular parasitic protozoa organisms, specifically to the Trypanosoma genus of the Trypanosomatidae class. A variety of different vertebrate species can be infected by TBB, including humans and animals. Under particular...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3061
105 downloads
861 views

We present a new supertree method that enables rapid estimation of a summary tree on the scale of millions of leaves. This supertree method summarizes a collection of input phylogenies and an input taxonomy. We introduce formal goals and criteria for such a supertree...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3058
172 downloads
1,154 views

Bayesian phylogenetic methods integrating simultaneously morphological and stratigraphic information have been applied increasingly among paleontologists. Most of these studies have used Bayesian methods as an alternative to the widely-used parsimony analysis,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3055
190 downloads
1,163 views

Fragmentary caudal ends of the left and right mandible assigned to Lesothosaurus diagnosticus, an early ornithischian, was recently discovered in the continental red bed succession of the upper Elliot Formation (Lower Jurassic) at Likhoele Mountain (Mafeteng District)...

["Paleontology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3054
31 downloads
154 views

Introduction Rhizospheres, the most active interfaces between plants and soils, play a central role in the long-term maintenance of the biosphere. The anti-erodibility of soils (AES) regulated by the root exudates is crucial to the soil stability in the rhizospheres....

["Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3029

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