Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

34 downloads
159 views

Background Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common cause of low back pain with degenerative spinal change in older adults. Telomeres are repetitive nucleoprotein DNA sequences of TTAGGG at the ends of chromosomes. Oxidative stress originates from an imbalance...

["Biochemistry","Geriatrics","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5381
32 downloads
137 views

Background In many species, males have a lower reproductive investment than females and are therefore assumed to increase their fitness with a high number of matings rather than by being choosy. However, in bi-parental species, also males heavily invest into reproduction....

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5373
76 downloads
662 views

Conservation authorities invest heavily in the restoration and/or creation of wetlands to counteract the destruction of habitat caused by urbanization. Monitoring the colonization of these new wetlands is critical to an adaptive management process. We conducted...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5423
41 downloads
192 views

Background The open pulled straw (OPS) vitrification method has been successfully applied in mouse, pig, and goat embryos as well as in buffalo oocytes, but it has not yet been applied to the microinjected embryos. This study examined the effects of OPS vitrification...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Conservation Biology","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5420
36 downloads
250 views

Background Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), also called glitazones, are five-membered carbon ring molecules commonly used for the management of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Recently, many prospective studies have also documented the impact of these compounds...

["Cell Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5386
33 downloads
324 views

Background The sex of an individual organism plays such an important role in its life cycle that researchers must know a bird’s sex to interpret key aspects of its biology. The sexes of dimorphic species can be easily distinguished, but sexing monomorphic bird...

["Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5367
106 downloads
813 views

High-depth sequencing of universal marker genes such as the 16S rRNA gene is a common strategy to profile microbial communities. Traditionally, sequence reads are clustered into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at a defined identity threshold to avoid sequencing...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Mycology","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5364
46 downloads
194 views

Background Establishment success of non-native species is not only influenced by environmental conditions, but also by interactions with local competitors and enemies. The magnitude of these biotic interactions is mediated by species traits that reflect competitive...

["Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5342
45 downloads
237 views

Eastern boundary upwelling provides the conditions for high marine productivity in the Canary Current System off NW-Africa. Despite its considerable importance to fisheries, knowledge on this marine ecosystem is only limited. Here, parasites were used as indicators...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5339
84 downloads
1,222 views

Invasive macroalgae pose a serious threat to coral reef biodiversity by monopolizing reef habitats, competing with native species, and directly overgrowing, and smothering reef corals. Several invasive macroalgae (Eucheuma clade E, Kappaphycus clade A and B, Gracilaria...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5332
53 downloads
275 views

Over the past five decades, marine mammal interactions with fisheries have become a major human-wildlife conflict globally. The emergence of longline fishing is concomitant with the development of depredation-type interactions i.e., marine mammals feeding on fish...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5306
37 downloads
248 views

The larva and female of Perigomphus basicornis are described and illustrated, and compared with the larva and female of P. pallidistylus. The larva of P. basicornis differs from that of P. pallidistylus in having sternum 8 divided in five sclerites, abdominal segments...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Entomology","Taxonomy","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5279
44 downloads
382 views

Ceraphronoids are some of the most commonly collected hymenopterans, yet they remain rare in the fossil record. Conostigmus talamasi Mikó and Trietsch, sp. nov. from Baltic amber represents an intermediate form between the type genus, Megaspilus, and one of the...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5174
317 downloads
2,732 views

Ocean temperatures have been accelerating at an alarming rate mainly due to anthropogenic fossil fuel emissions. This has led to an increase in the severity and duration of coral bleaching events. Predicted projections for the state of reefs do not take into account...

["Ecology","Zoology","Climate Change Biology","Environmental Impacts","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5347
54 downloads
258 views

Individuals within the same population generally differ among each other not only in their behavioral traits but also in their level of behavioral plasticity (i.e., in their propensity to modify their behavior in response to changing conditions). If the proximate...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5454

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