Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

41 downloads
290 views

Background Morphological descriptions comparing Leposternon microcephalum and L. scutigerum have been made previously. However, these taxa lack a formal quantitative morphological characterization, and comparative studies suggest that morphology and burrowing performance...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3581
32 downloads
395 views

Newly emerging influenza viruses continue to threaten public health. A rapid determination of the host range of newly discovered influenza viruses would assist in early assessment of their risk. Here, we attempted to predict the host of influenza viruses using...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3579
24 downloads
166 views

Background As the fifth most common cancer worldwide, Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is also the third most common cause of cancer-related death in China. Several lncRNAs have been demonstrated to be associated with occurrence and prognosis of HCC. However, identification...

["Bioinformatics","Molecular Biology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3575
21 downloads
305 views

The major virulence factor of the pneumococcus, and target for conjugate vaccines, is the polysaccharide capsule, which is usually encoded by the highly variable cps locus. Serotype 37 is an unusual pneumococcal type in which the single β-glucosyltransferase gene...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3571
39 downloads
209 views

The skyline plot is a graphical representation of historical effective population sizes as a function of time. Past population sizes for these plots are estimated from genetic data, without a priori assumptions on the mathematical function defining the shape of...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3530
27 downloads
136 views

This study investigated whether zeolites of different size (Y30 (nano-sized) and H-Beta(OH)-III (forming large aggregates/agglomerates composed of 50 nm small primary particles)) exerted acute toxicity on larvae of the non-biting midge, Chironomus riparius, and...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3525
21 downloads
112 views

Background Recent climatic history has strongly impacted plant populations, but little is known about its effect on microbes. Alders, which host few and specific symbionts, have high genetic diversity in glacial refugia. Here, we tested the prediction that communities...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3479
33 downloads
191 views

The flower is a plant reproductive organ that forms part of the fruit produced as the flowering season ends. While the number and identity of proteins expressed in a jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) flower is currently unknown, integrative proteomic and transcriptomic...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3588
27 downloads
187 views

Gastric cancer (GC) is a complex disease with heterogeneous genetic mechanisms. Genomic mutational profiling of gastric cancer not only expands our knowledge about cancer progression at a fundamental genetic level, but also could provide guidance on new treatment...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3585
40 downloads
280 views

Wildlife conservation and management approaches typically focus on demographic measurements to assess population viability over both short and long periods. However, genetic diversity is an important predictor of long term population vitality. We investigated the...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3584
33 downloads
380 views

Aesop’s Fable tasks—in which subjects drop objects into a water-filled tube to raise the water level and obtain out-of-reach floating rewards —have been used to test for causal understanding of water displacement in both young children and non-human animals. However,...

["Animal Behavior","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3484
19 downloads
155 views

Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease characterized by degeneration of joint cartilage. It is associated with pain and disability and is the result of either age and activity related joint wear or an injury. Non-invasive treatment options are scarce and prevention...

["Mathematical Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3468
18 downloads
181 views

Cognitive functioning is vital for enabling animals of all taxa to optimise their chances of survival and reproductive success. Learning and memory in particular are drivers of many evolutionary processes. In this study, we examine how developmental plasticity...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3563
440 downloads
197 views

Hydrocarbons are the principal component of insect cuticle and play an important role in maintaining water balance. Cuticular impermeability could be an adaptative response to salinity and desiccation in aquatic insects; however, cuticular hydrocarbons have been...

["Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3562
29 downloads
297 views

Terrestrial eggs have evolved repeatedly in tropical anurans exposing embryos to the new threat of dehydration. Red-eyed treefrogs, Agalychnis callidryas, lay eggs on plants over water. Maternally provided water allows shaded eggs in humid sites to develop to hatching...

["Developmental Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3549

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