Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

49 downloads
271 views

The characteristic ground colour and banding patterns on shells of the land snail Cepaea nemoralis form a classic study system for genetics and adaptation as it varies widely between individuals. We use RNAseq analysis to identify candidate genes underlying this...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3715
26 downloads
320 views

The Drosophila melanogaster P transposable element provides one of the best cases of horizontal transfer of a mobile DNA sequence in eukaryotes. Invasion of natural populations by the P element has led to a syndrome of phenotypes known as P-M hybrid dysgenesis...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3824
17 downloads
191 views

Background C-X-C chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) has important implications in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. It is selectively expressed on B and T lymphocytes and is involved in hematopoiesis, thymocyte trafficking, stem cell motility, neovascularization, and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3822
29 downloads
268 views

Life science ontologies play an important role in Semantic Web. Given the diversity in fish species and the associated wealth of information, it is imperative to develop an ontology capable of linking and integrating this information in an automated fashion. As...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioinformatics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3811
22 downloads
183 views

Background The changing climate, particularly in regard to temperature and precipitation, is already affecting tree species’ distributions. Pinus armandii, which dominates on the Yungui Plateau and in the Qinba Mountains in China, is of economic, cultural and ecological...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3807
29 downloads
195 views

Measurements of historical specimens are widely applied in studies of taxonomy, systematics, and ecology, but biologists often assume that the effects of preservative chemicals on the morphology of amphibian specimens are minimal in their analyses. We compared...

["Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3805
184 downloads
1,402 views

Mosasauroid squamates represented the apex predators within the Late Cretaceous marine and occasionally also freshwater ecosystems. Proper understanding of the origin of their ecological adaptations or paleobiogeographic dispersals requires adequate knowledge of...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3782
21 downloads
1,156 views

Oceanic islands are among the most endemically biodiverse ecosystems in the world. They have been adversely impacted by human expansion, which affects regional biodiversity by altering the natural habitats of vulnerable, indigenous species. Birds represent a valuable...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3761
40 downloads
211 views

Background Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness...

["Microbiology","Virology","Epidemiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3589
40 downloads
224 views

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it...

["Biotechnology","Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3808
38 downloads
205 views

In the Mississippi River Basin of North America, invasive bigheaded carp (silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp H. nobilis, also referred to as Asian carp) have spread rapidly over the past several decades. In the Illinois River, an important...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3641
162 downloads
768 views

Postcranial remains of Boreogomphodon from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina are described and compared to those of other known traversodontid cynodonts. The postcranial skeleton of Boreogomphodon is characterized by four sacral ribs, simple ribs lacking costal...

["Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3521
36 downloads
431 views

The social hymenoptera are emerging as models for epigenetics. DNA methylation, the addition of a methyl group, is a common epigenetic marker. In mammals and flowering plants methylation affects allele specific expression. There is contradictory evidence for the...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3798
39 downloads
149 views

Background Plasmodium is an obligate intracellular parasite. Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is the most prominent and well characterized malarial surface antigen that is essential for parasite-host cell invasion, i.e., for sporozoite to invade and replicate within...

["Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3794
27 downloads
201 views

Background Calcitonin expression is a well-established marker for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC); yet the role of calcitonin receptor (CTR), its seven-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor, remains to be established in C-cells derived thyroid tumors. The...

["Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3778

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