Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
7 downloads
2 views

Piwi (P-element induced wimpy testis) is an important gene involved in stem cell maintenance and gametogenesis in vertebrates. However, in most invertebrates, especially mollusks, the function of Piwi during gametogenesis remains largely unclear. To further understand...

["Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3412
20 downloads
57 views

The colour patterns and morphological peculiarities of the hindwings of several butterfly species result in the appearance of a head at the rear end of the insect’s body. Although some experimental evidence supports the hypothesis that the “false head” deflects...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3493
10 downloads
56 views

Clostridium septicum produces a number of diseases in human and farm animals which, in most of the cases, are fatal without clinical intervention. Alpha toxin is an important agent and the unique lethal virulent factor produced by Clostridium septicum. This toxin...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3407
13 downloads
54 views

Ostracods are one of the major groups of marine benthos, inhabiting virtually all oceanic environments worldwide, and a total of 31 species have been recorded in genus Euphilomedes Kornicker, 1967. In the present study, we describe a new species Euphilomedes biacutidens...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3488
11 downloads
85 views

Our ability to prevent extinction in declining populations often depends on effective management of habitats that are disturbed through wildfire, logging, agriculture, or development. In these disturbed landscapes, the juxtaposition of multiple habitat types can...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3500
25 downloads
257 views

Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on Earth, and provide critical ecosystem services such as protein provisioning, coastal protection, and tourism revenue. Despite these benefits, coral reefs have been declining precipitously across...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3499
6 downloads
54 views

Three species of the sea stars are reported from the waters of the northwestern Pacific. These species were referred by earlier authors as Henricia spiculifera or H. leviuscula spiculifera. Two of them, H. lineata and H. uluudax, were recently described from the...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3489
10 downloads
72 views

Background The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI)...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3487
18 downloads
74 views

Bioinformatics is currently faced with very large-scale data sets that lead to computational jobs, especially sequence similarity searches, that can take absurdly long times to run. For example, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Basic Local...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3486
15 downloads
122 views

Obtaining human population level estimates of the prevalence of foodborne pathogens is critical for understanding outbreaks and ameliorating such threats to public health. Estimates are difficult to obtain due to logistic and financial constraints, but citizen...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3480
13 downloads
68 views

Background Pharyngitis is an inflammatory condition of the pharynx and associated structures commonly caused by the Group A streptococci (GAS). There is a growing interest in discovering plant-based anti-inflammatory compounds as potential alternatives to conventional...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3469
12 downloads
61 views

Background Shrubs play a key role in biogeochemical cycles, prevent soil and water erosion, provide forage for livestock, and are a source of food, wood and non-wood products. However, despite their ecological and societal importance, the influence of different...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3446
34 downloads
225 views

Symbiotic microalgae (Symbiodinium spp.) strongly influence the performance and stress-tolerance of their coral hosts, making the analysis of Symbiodinium communities in corals (and metacommunities on reefs) advantageous for many aspects of coral reef research....

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3472
88 downloads
528 views

New records of the Oligo–Miocene mekosuchine crocodylian, Baru, from Queensland and the Northern Territory are described. Baru wickeni and Baru darrowi are accepted as valid species in the genus and their diagnoses are revised. Both species are present in Queensland...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Palaeontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3458

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