Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

15 downloads
164 views

Low-frequency urban noise can interfere with avian communication through masking. Some species are able to shift the frequency of their vocalizations upwards in noisy conditions, which may reduce the effects of masking. However, results from playback studies investigating...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3257
13 downloads
155 views

A period of starvation is regarded as a sound practice in aquaculture prior to handling, transportation and harvest, to minimise impacts on welfare and ensure proper hygiene after harvest. However, documentation of welfare issues such as stress following starvation...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3273
14 downloads
113 views

Telomere shortening has emerged as an important biomarker of aging. Longitudinal studies consistently find that, although telomere length shortens over time on average, there is a subset of individuals for whom telomere length is observed to increase. This apparent...

["Genetics","Genomics","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3265
59 downloads
327 views

Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3263
51 downloads
414 views

Background Lepidosaurs, a group including rhynchocephalians and squamates, are one of the major clades of extant vertebrates. Although there has been extensive phylogenetic work on this clade, its interrelationships are a matter of debate. Morphological and molecular...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3262
13 downloads
107 views

Protein post-translational modification (PTM) is an important mechanism that is involved in the regulation of protein function. Considering the high-cost and labor-intensive of experimental identification, many computational prediction methods are currently available...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3261
23 downloads
339 views

Background The human microbiota plays a key role in health and disease, and bacteriocins, which are small, bacterially produced, antimicrobial peptides, are likely to have an important function in the stability and dynamics of this community. Here we examined the...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3254
14 downloads
101 views

Tuberculosis is one of the world’s deadliest infectious disease with 1.5 millions deaths annually. It is imperative to discover novel compounds with potent activity against M. tuberculosis. In this study, susceptibilities of M. smegmatis to the octahedral ruthenium(II)...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3252
16 downloads
127 views

Background The enzymatic degradation of quorums sensing (QS) molecules (called quorum quenching, QQ) has been considered as a promising anti-virulence therapy to treat biofilm-related infections and combat antibiotic resistance. The recently-discovered QQ enzyme...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3251
39 downloads
570 views

The same selective forces that give rise to rapid inter- and intraspecific divergence in snake venoms can also favor differences in venoms across life-history stages. Ontogenetic changes in venom composition are well known and widespread in snakes but have not...

["Genetics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3249
22 downloads
369 views

Background Zostera marina (also known as eelgrass) is a foundation species in coastal and marine ecosystems worldwide and is a model for studies of seagrasses (a paraphyletic group in the order Alismatales) that include all the known fully submerged marine angiosperms....

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3246
19 downloads
313 views

Mayaro virus (MAYV) is an emergent sylvatic alphavirus in South America, related to sporadic outbreaks of a chikungunya-like human febrile illness accompanied by severe arthralgia. Despite its high potential for urban emergence, MAYV is still an obscure virus with...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3245
14 downloads
130 views

Genomes evolve through a combination of mutation, drift, and selection, all of which act heterogeneously across genes and lineages. This leads to differences in branch-length patterns among gene trees. Genes that yield trees with the same branch-length patterns...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3241
26 downloads
86 views

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare familial autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) located in the striatum. Currently available treatments of HD are only limited to alleviating...

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3240
18 downloads
93 views

Background The Eocene was the warmest epoch of the Cenozoic and recorded the appearance of several orders of modern mammals, including the first occurrence of Euprimates. During the Eocene, Euprimates were mainly represented by two groups, adapiforms and omomyiforms,...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3239

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