Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

Demand for lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) has increased exponentially over the last decade, both for their roe, which is used as a caviar substitute, and increasingly also as cleaner fish to control sea lice in salmon farming. The species is classified as Near Threatened...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Genetics","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5974

Background Prostate cancer (PC) diagnostics and treatment often present a challenging task due to cancer subtype heterogeneity and differential disease progression in patient subgroups. Hence, the critical issue is finding a reliable and sensitive diagnostic and...

["Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5970
1 download
1 view

Background Captive cetacean attractions are growing in number globally, their operators citing entertainment, education, and conservation as benefits. Those for and against developing such attractions claim public support. Previous public opinion research, however,...

["Conservation Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5953
2 downloads
3 views

We have sequenced a partial transcriptome of the Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe), a species with one of the longest migrations on Earth. The transcriptome was constructed de novo using RNA-Seq sequence data from the pooled mRNA of six different tissues: brain,...

["Animal Behavior","Bioinformatics","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5860
11 downloads
105 views

Articular cartilage is an avascular tissue with limited regenerative property. Therefore, a defect or trauma in articular cartilage due to disease or accident can lead to progressive tissue deterioration. Cartilage tissue engineering, by replacing defective cartilage...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5809
23 downloads
166 views

China consumes more than one-third of the world’s nitrogen (N) fertilizer, and an increasing amount of N fertilizer has been applied over the past decades. Although N fertilization can increase the carbon sequestration potentials of cropland in China, the quantitative...

["Agricultural Science","Soil Science","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5983
38 downloads
311 views

Infectious diseases can alter the demography of their host populations, reducing their viability even in the absence of mass mortality. Amphibians are the most threatened group of vertebrates globally, and emerging infectious diseases play a large role in their...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5949
28 downloads
245 views

Background Biocrusts, communities dominated by mosses, lichens, cyanobacteria, and other microorganisms, largely affect the carbon cycle of drylands. As poikilohydric organisms, their activity time is often limited to short hydration events. The photosynthetic...

["Ecology","Soil Science","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5904
86 downloads
591 views

The vertebrate fauna of the Late Cretaceous Mussentuchit Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation has been studied for nearly three decades, yet the fossil-rich unit continues to produce new information about life in western North America approximately 97 million...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5883
25 downloads
146 views

T1 Lipase is a thermostable secretary protein of Geobacillus zalihae strain previously expressed in a prokaryotic system and purified using three-step purification: affinity 1, affinity 2, and ion exchange chromatography (IEX). This approach is time consuming and...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5833
23 downloads
177 views

Objective A putative relationship between markers for the serotonin system and the personality scale self-transcendence (ST) and its subscale spiritual acceptance (SA) has been demonstrated in a previous PET study of 5-HT1A receptor binding in healthy control subjects....

["Biochemistry","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5790
22 downloads
147 views

Repetitive saccades benefit memory when executed before retrieval, with greatest effects for episodic memory in consistent-handers. Questions remain including how saccades affect scene memory, an important visual component of episodic memory. The present study...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5969
65 downloads
297 views

Background Piramys auffenbergi was described as an emydine turtle based on a well-preserved skull retrieved from late Miocene deposits exposed on Piram Island, India. The description and figures provided in the original publication are vague and do not support...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5938
38 downloads
500 views

Paternity uncertainty has proven to be a robust ultimate hypothesis for predicting the higher investment in grandchildren observed among maternal grandparents compared to that of the paternal grandparents. Yet the proximate mechanisms for generating such preferred...

["Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5924
28 downloads
261 views

Closely related species with overlapping geographic ranges encounter a significant challenge: they share many ecological traits and preferences but must partition resources to coexist. In Ontario, potentially eleven species of carrion beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae)...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5829

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