Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

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Ecological monitoring programs typically aim to detect changes in the abundance of species of conservation concern or which reflect system status. Coral reef fish assemblages are functionally important for reef health and these are most commonly monitored using...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4886
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Wheat stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn. (Pgt), is a major disease that has been effectively controlled using resistance genes. The appearance and spread of Pgt races such as Ug99, TKTTF, and TTTTF, which are virulent to most...

["Agricultural Science","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4882
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Background Free-tailed bats of the genus Otomops are poorly known, and most species are documented from a handful of widely scattered localities. Recently, two allopatric species of Otomops were recognized in continental Africa: Otomops martiensseni (Matschie,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4864
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Housekeeping genes are ubiquitously expressed and maintain basic cellular functions across tissue/cell type conditions. The present study aimed to develop a set of pig housekeeping genes and compare the structure, evolution and function of housekeeping genes in...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4840
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The monoamines serotonin and dopamine are important neuromodulators present in the central nervous system, known to be active regulators of social behaviour in fish as in other vertebrates. Our aim was to investigate the region-specific brain monoaminergic differences...

["Animal Behavior","Marine Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4830
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Background To treat skin color disorders, such as vitiligo or burns, melanocytes are transplanted for tissue regeneration. However, melanocyte distribution in the human body varies with age and location, making it difficult to select the optimal donor skin to achieve...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4815
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This paper examines the impact of disturbance factors—flooding and intermittency—on the distribution of water mites in the riparian springs situated in the valley of a small lowland river, the Krąpiel. The landscape factors and physicochemical parameters of the...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4797
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Insect gut microbiota contribute significantly to host nutritional ecology. Disrupting insect gut microbial assemblages impacts nutrient provisioning functions, and can potentially affect host standard metabolic rate (SMR), a measure of host energy balance. In...

["Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4717
2 downloads
2 views

Background A key strategy in biodiversity conservation is the establishment of protected areas. In the future, however, the redistribution of species in response to ongoing climate change is likely to affect species’ representativeness in those areas. Here we quantify...

["Conservation Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4689
17 downloads
86 views

Altitudinal patterns in the population ecology of mountain bird species are useful for predicting species occurrence and behavior. Numerous hypotheses about the complex interactions among environmental factors have been proposed; however, these still remain controversial....

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4857
30 downloads
169 views

Background West African landscapes are largely characterised by complex agroforest mosaics. Although the West African forests are considered a nonhuman primate hotspot, knowledge on the distribution of many species is often lacking and out-of-date. Considering...

["Anthropology","Conservation Biology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4847
16 downloads
105 views

Society is increasingly demanding a more sustainable management of agro-ecosystems in a context of climate change and an ever growing global population. The fate of crop residues is one of the important management aspects under debate, since it represents an unneglectable...

["Agricultural Science","Soil Science","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4836
20 downloads
62 views

Cycads are an ancient group of gymnosperms that are popular as landscaping plants, though nearly all of them are threatened or endangered in the wild. The cycad aulacaspis scale (CAS), Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), has become one of the...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Zoology","Climate Change Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4832
12 downloads
82 views

Oxygyne Schltr. (Thismiaceae) is a rare and little-known genus of achlorophyllous mycoheterotrophic perennial herbs with one of the most remarkable distributions of all angiosperm plant genera globally, being disjunct between Japan and West–Central Africa. Each...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4828
27 downloads
431 views

Studies involving gut microbiome analysis play an increasing role in the evaluation of health and disease in humans and animals alike. Fecal sampling methods for DNA preservation in laboratory, clinical, and field settings can greatly influence inferences of microbial...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4827

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