Peer-reviewed Articles

Background Leonotis nepetifolia (Family Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant from which the flavonoid cirsiliol with sedative, hypnotic, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity has been extracted. Methods Seedlings were cultivated under different levels of shade in...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6187

Background Skin cancer incidence has increased over the last years, becoming a major public health problem. Objective To describe the awareness, behavior and attitudes concerning sun exposure among beachgoers in the northern coast of Peru. Methods We conducted...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6189

The goal of the dairy industry is ultimately to increase lactation persistency, which is the length of time during which peak milk yield is sustained. Lactation persistency is determined by the balance of cell apoptosis and cell proliferation; when the balance...

["Agricultural Science","Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6210

The natural distribution, habitat, growth and evolutionary history of tree species are strongly dependent on ecological and genetic processes in ecosystems subject to fluctuating climatic conditions, but there have been few experimental comparisons of sensitivity...

["Climate Change Biology","Forestry","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6213

Chronostratigraphic correlation of terrestrial Early Cretaceous biotas in China is highly problematic due to the lack of marine deposits, few absolute dates, and limited number of index fossils. This often leaves vertebrate faunas as one of the few potential tools...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6229

In a previous report, we explored the serverless OpenHealth approach to the Web as a Global Compute space. That approach relies on the modern browser full stack, and, in particular, its configuration for application assembly by code injection. The opportunity,...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6230

Background Anthocyanin compounds playing multiple biological functions can be synthesized in different parts of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) plant. The diversity of anthocyanin molecules is related with branching the pathway to alternative ways in which dihydroflavonols...

["Genetics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6266

Background The US mainland is experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdoses. Unfortunately, the US Territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) have often been overlooked in opioid pharmacoepidemiology research. This study examined common prescription...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6272

Background Epidemiological surveillance of HIV infection in Japan involves two technical problems for directly applying a classical backcalculation method, i.e., (i) all AIDS cases are not counted over time and (ii) people diagnosed with HIV have received antiretroviral...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6275
11 downloads
67 views

Background The emergence of multidrug- or extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has made it difficult to treat and control infections caused by this bacterium. It is urgently necessary to search for alternatives to conventional antibiotics for control...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6173
16 downloads
71 views

Several studies have shown that epitope vaccines exhibit substantial advantages over conventional vaccines. However, epitope vaccines are associated with limited immunity, which can be overcome by conjugating antigenic epitopes with built-in adjuvants (e.g., some...

["Biotechnology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6185
16 downloads
125 views

The co-occurrence of plant species is a fundamental aspect of plant ecology that contributes to understanding ecological processes, including the establishment of ecological communities and its applications in biological conservation. A priori algorithms can be...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Computational Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6193
14 downloads
72 views

Bolt’s Farm is a Plio-Pleistocene fossil site located within the southwestern corner of the UNESCO Hominid Fossil Sites of South Africa World Heritage Site. The site is a complex of active caves and more than 20 palaeokarst deposits or pits, many of which were...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6202
8 downloads
53 views

Forested areas are increasing across Europe, driven by both reforestation programs and farmland abandonment. While tree planting remains the standard reforestation strategy, there is increased interest in spontaneous regeneration as a cost-effective method with...

["Computational Biology","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Forestry","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6219
16 downloads
115 views

Background The Streptococcus genus is relevant to both public health and food safety because of its ability to cause pathogenic infections. It is well-represented (>100 genomes) in publicly available databases. Streptococci are ubiquitous, with multiple sources...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6233

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