Peer-reviewed Articles

Low-frequency urban noise can interfere with avian communication through masking. Some species are able to shift the frequency of their vocalizations upwards in noisy conditions, which may reduce the effects of masking. However, results from playback studies investigating...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3257

A period of starvation is regarded as a sound practice in aquaculture prior to handling, transportation and harvest, to minimise impacts on welfare and ensure proper hygiene after harvest. However, documentation of welfare issues such as stress following starvation...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3273

Introduction An increasing focus on personal electronic health records (PHRs) offers healthcare benefits for patients, particularly those in undeserved and marginalised populations, who are at risk of receiving less effective healthcare, and may have worse health...

["Health Policy","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3268

Telomere shortening has emerged as an important biomarker of aging. Longitudinal studies consistently find that, although telomere length shortens over time on average, there is a subset of individuals for whom telomere length is observed to increase. This apparent...

["Genetics","Genomics","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3265

Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3263

Background Lepidosaurs, a group including rhynchocephalians and squamates, are one of the major clades of extant vertebrates. Although there has been extensive phylogenetic work on this clade, its interrelationships are a matter of debate. Morphological and molecular...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3262

Protein post-translational modification (PTM) is an important mechanism that is involved in the regulation of protein function. Considering the high-cost and labor-intensive of experimental identification, many computational prediction methods are currently available...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3261
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Background The human microbiota plays a key role in health and disease, and bacteriocins, which are small, bacterially produced, antimicrobial peptides, are likely to have an important function in the stability and dynamics of this community. Here we examined the...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3254

Tuberculosis is one of the world’s deadliest infectious disease with 1.5 millions deaths annually. It is imperative to discover novel compounds with potent activity against M. tuberculosis. In this study, susceptibilities of M. smegmatis to the octahedral ruthenium(II)...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3252
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Background The enzymatic degradation of quorums sensing (QS) molecules (called quorum quenching, QQ) has been considered as a promising anti-virulence therapy to treat biofilm-related infections and combat antibiotic resistance. The recently-discovered QQ enzyme...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3251
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The same selective forces that give rise to rapid inter- and intraspecific divergence in snake venoms can also favor differences in venoms across life-history stages. Ontogenetic changes in venom composition are well known and widespread in snakes but have not...

["Genetics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3249
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Background Zostera marina (also known as eelgrass) is a foundation species in coastal and marine ecosystems worldwide and is a model for studies of seagrasses (a paraphyletic group in the order Alismatales) that include all the known fully submerged marine angiosperms....

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3246
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Mayaro virus (MAYV) is an emergent sylvatic alphavirus in South America, related to sporadic outbreaks of a chikungunya-like human febrile illness accompanied by severe arthralgia. Despite its high potential for urban emergence, MAYV is still an obscure virus with...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3245
2 downloads
1 view

Genomes evolve through a combination of mutation, drift, and selection, all of which act heterogeneously across genes and lineages. This leads to differences in branch-length patterns among gene trees. Genes that yield trees with the same branch-length patterns...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3241
3 downloads
2 views

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare familial autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) located in the striatum. Currently available treatments of HD are only limited to alleviating...

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3240

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