Peer-reviewed Articles

63 downloads
306 views

Statistical testing of trait-environment association from data is a challenge as there is no common unit of observation: the trait is observed on species, the environment on sites and the mediating abundance on species-site combinations. A number of correlation-based...

["Ecology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2885
37 downloads
176 views

This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants...

["Clinical Trials","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2883
86 downloads
495 views

Recently, there has been a move encouraged by many stakeholders towards generating big, open data in many areas of research. One area where big, open data is particularly valuable is in research relating to complex heterogeneous disorders such as Autism Spectrum...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2880
27 downloads
91 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
14 downloads
89 views

The fibrosis that develops following laminectomy or discectomy often causes serious complications, and the proliferation of fibroblasts is thought to be the major cause of epidural fibrosis. 10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) has been proven to be efficient in preventing...

["Cell Biology","Orthopedics","Pharmacology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2858
41 downloads
297 views

The ostrich is a highly cursorial bipedal land animal with a permanently elevated metatarsophalangeal joint supported by only two toes. Although locomotor kinematics in walking and running ostriches have been examined, these studies have been largely limited to...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2857
63 downloads
529 views

Background Aquatic insects and other freshwater animals are some of the most threatened forms of life on Earth. Caddisflies (Trichoptera) are highly biodiverse in the Neotropics and occupy a wide variety of freshwater habitats. In Andean countries, including Ecuador,...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2851
35 downloads
182 views

Species distribution models (SDMs) have become an essential tool in ecology, biogeography, evolution and, more recently, in conservation biology. How to generalize species distributions in large undersampled areas, especially with few samples, is a fundamental...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2849
34 downloads
106 views

Background Electrical stimulation (ES) has been successfully used to treat bone defects clinically. Recently, both cellular and molecular approaches have demonstrated that ES can change cell behavior such as migration, proliferation and differentiation. Methods...

["Bioengineering","Cell Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2821
31 downloads
75 views

Grazing extensification and intensification are among the main problems affecting European grasslands. We analyze the impact of grazing intensity (low and moderate) and the use of veterinary medical products (VMPs) on the dung beetle community in the province of...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2780
7 downloads
98 views

Flies use specialized photoreceptors R7 and R8 in the dorsal rim area (DRA) to detect skylight polarization. R7 and R8 form a tiered waveguide (central rhabdomere pair, CRP) with R7 on top, filtering light delivered to R8. We examine how the division of a given...

["Animal Behavior","Biophysics","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2772
165 downloads
357 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
39 downloads
258 views

Sponges are efficient filter feeders, removing significant portions of particulate and dissolved organic matter (POM, DOM) from the water column. While the assimilation and respiration of POM and DOM by sponges and their abundant microbial symbiont communities...

["Biochemistry","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2870
30 downloads
169 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
101 downloads
428 views

The importance of 16S rRNA gene amplicon profiles for understanding the influence of microbes in a variety of environments coupled with the steep reduction in sequencing costs led to a surge of microbial sequencing projects. The expanding crowd of scientists and...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2836

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