Peer-reviewed Articles

We report on a discovery of Siamophryne troglodytes Gen. et sp. nov., a new troglophilous genus and species of microhylid frog from a limestone cave in the tropical forests of western Thailand. To assess its phylogenetic relationships we studied the 12S rRNA–16S...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4422

Objectives To assess and compare the predictive ability of three risk evaluation systems (SinoSCORE, EuroSCORE II and the STS risk evaluation system) in patients aged ≥70, and who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in East China. Methods Three risk...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4413

Background Impaired patient-reported shoulder function and pain, external-rotation strength, abduction strength, and abduction range-of-motion (ROM) is reported in patients with subacromial impingement (SIS). However, it is unknown how much strength and ROM improves...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4400

Background EEG may be affected by artefacts hindering the analysis of brain signals. Data-driven methods like independent component analysis (ICA) are successful approaches to remove artefacts from the EEG. However, the ICA-based methods developed so far are often...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4380

Paleontological research increasingly uses high-resolution micro-computed tomography (μCT) to study the inner architecture of modern and fossil bone material to answer important questions regarding vertebrate evolution. This non-destructive method allows for the...

["Anthropology","Bioinformatics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4374

Shoreline armoring is prevalent around the world with unprecedented human population growth and urbanization along coastal habitats. Armoring structures, such as riprap and bulkheads, that are built to prevent beach erosion and protect coastal infrastructure from...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4275
15 downloads
98 views

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the etiological agent of ASF, a fatal hemorrhagic fever that affects domestic pigs. There is currently no vaccine against ASFV, making it a significant threat to the pork industry. The ASFV genome sequence has been published;...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4396
18 downloads
227 views

Plant diseases caused by fungi and Oomycetes represent worldwide threats to crops and forest ecosystems. Effective prevention and appropriate management of emerging diseases rely on rapid detection and identification of the causal pathogens. The increase in genomic...

["Genomics","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4392
16 downloads
70 views

Photoperiod is an important factor in stimulating broiler performance in commercial poultry practice. However, the mechanism by which photoperiod affects the performance of broiler chickens has not been adequately explored. The current study evaluated the effects...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4390
52 downloads
482 views

The loss of hearing structures and loss of advertisement calls in many terrestrial breeding frogs (Strabomantidae) living at high elevations in South America are common and intriguing phenomena. The Andean frog genus Phrynopus Peters, 1873 has undergone an evolutionary...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4313
28 downloads
124 views

Background Advanced treatment of oral cancer increases survival rates; however, it also increases the risk of developing shoulder dysfunction, dysphagia, oral dysfunction, donor site morbidity and psychological issues. This single-arm preliminary pilot study aims...

["Clinical Trials","Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4419
19 downloads
110 views

Using a novel and fast genotyping method called Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP™), we carried out a pilot study on 48 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) belonging to 40 genes in French Alpine (n = 24) and Saanen (n = 25) goats reared in Romania. Furthermore,...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Food Science and Technology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4416
26 downloads
109 views

Background Anemia is the most widely prevalent form of micronutrient deficiency that affects over a quarter of the global population. Evidence suggests that the burden of anemia is higher in the developing countries with women of reproductive age and children being...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4414
15 downloads
136 views

Background In the arid and semi-arid areas of northern China, overexploitation of fertilizers and extensive irrigation with brackish groundwater have led to soil degradation and large areas of farmland have been abandoned. In order to improve the soil quality of...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4410
18 downloads
151 views

Background Soil moisture deficiency causes yield reduction and instability in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) production. The extent of sensitivity to drought stress varies across accessions originating from diverse moisture regimes of the world. Hence, we conducted...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Plant Science","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4401

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