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22 downloads
71 views

Natural selection, the most important force in evolution, comes in three forms. Negative purifying selection removes deleterious variation and maintains adaptations. Positive directional selection fixes beneficial variants, producing new adaptations. Balancing...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Marine Biology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.976
18 downloads
64 views

Background. Despite massive immigration towards Southern Europe in the last two decades, data on mortality by cause among immigrants in Italy are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate mortality from all and from specific causes of death among immigrants...

["Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.975
19 downloads
48 views

Research on human sociality rarely includes kinship, social structure, sex, and familiarity, even though these variables influence sociality in non-human primates. However, cross-cultural ethnographic and observational studies with humans indicate that, beginning...

["Anthropology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.974
19 downloads
19 views

The incidence of osteoporosis is high in postmenopausal women due to altered estrogen levels and continuous calcium loss that occurs with aging. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the development of osteoporosis. These miRNAs may...

["Molecular Biology","Geriatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.971
18 downloads
26 views

Goal. We assessed the effectiveness of bioactive polyphenols contained in solution (LX) to restore normal bowel function in pediatric patients with acute diarrhea.Background. While providing oral rehydration solution (ORS) is standard treatment for diarrhea in...

["Clinical Trials","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.969
34 downloads
180 views

An uncultured non-photosynthetic basal lineage of the Cyanobacteria, the Melainabacteria, was recently characterised by metagenomic analyses of aphotic environmental samples. However, a predatory bacterium, Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, originally described in...

["Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.968
15 downloads
15 views

Background and Objectives. The best method for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy (TP) remains controversial. Since a growing number of publications focus on the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), we meta-analyzed the available evidence on the overall diagnostic...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Respiratory Medicine","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.951
32 downloads
116 views

Since its introduction in France 10 years ago, the yellow-legged Asian bee-hawking hornet Vespa velutina has rapidly spread to neighboring countries (Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, and Germany), becoming a new threat to beekeeping activities. While introduced...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.947
31 downloads
79 views

Effective monitoring programs for biodiversity are needed to assess trends in biodiversity and evaluate the consequences of management. This is particularly true for birds and faunas that occupy interior forest and other areas of low human population density, as...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.973
81 downloads
101 views

Background. Open access (OA) journals allows access to research papers free of charge to the reader. Traditionally, biomedical researchers use databases like MEDLINE and EMBASE to discover new advances. However, biomedical OA journals might not fulfill such databases’...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.972
17 downloads
75 views

Objective. Bringing together genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and other -omics technologies is an important step towards developing highly personalized medicine. However, instrumentation has advances far beyond expectations and now we are able to generate...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.970
57 downloads
40 views

Introduction. Patients with chronic lateral elbow (LE) tendinopathy, commonly known as tennis elbow, often experience prolonged symptoms and frequent relapses. Astym treatment, evidenced in animal studies to promote the healing and regeneration of soft tissues,...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Rehabilitation","Physical Therapy","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.967
27 downloads
93 views

Complex systems may be mechanistically modelled by white-box modeling with using logical deterministic individual-based cellular automata. Mathematical models of complex systems are of three types: black-box (phenomenological), white-box (mechanistic, based on...

["Biophysics","Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.948
28 downloads
47 views

Introduction. Behavioral inattention, working memory (WM), and academic achievement share significant variance, but the direction of relationships across development is unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine whether WM mediates the pathway between...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.939
27 downloads
81 views

The seed oil of meadowfoam, a new crop in the Limnanthaceae family, is highly enriched in very long chain fatty acids that are desaturated at the Δ5 position. The unusual oil is desirable for cosmetics and innovative industrial applications and the seed meal remaining...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.915

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