Peer-reviewed Articles

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The development of methods to estimate rates of speciation and extinction from time-calibrated phylogenies has revolutionized evolutionary biology by allowing researchers to correlate diversification rate shifts with causal factors. A growing number of researchers...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5495
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Background Invasive alien plants with long-lived dormant seed banks and fast growth rates are difficult to manage. Acacia mearnsii and Acacia melanoxylon are two such invaders in the southern Cape of South Africa which occasionally co-occur with a native, ecologically...

["Conservation Biology","Plant Science","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5466
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Background The aim of the study was to investigate the practice and pattern of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use as well as the knowledge and perception about its ill effects among rural Bangladeshi adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5463
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Successful captive breeding programs are crucial to the long-term survival of many threatened species. However, pair incompatibility (breeding failure) limits sustainability of many captive populations. Understanding whether the drivers of this incompatibility...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5438
2 downloads
2 views

Background This research compared accelerometry (ACC)-derived and muscle electromyography (EMG)-based estimates of physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in typical PA tasks and during the daily lives of children. Methods Data was included from two exploratory...

["Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5437
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Objective The mechanism underlying colon cancer metastasis remain unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the genes alteration during the metastasis of colon cancer and identify genes that crucial to the metastasis and survival of colon cancer patients. Methods...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5433
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Background Betula luminifera H. Winkler, which is widely distributed in southern China, is an economically important broadleaf tree species. However, little genomic information of B. luminifera is available, and little is known about the molecular mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5427
25 downloads
147 views

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of urea hydrolysis rate on ruminal bacterial diversity level and cellulolytic bacteria abundance in vitro. To control urea hydrolysis rate, urea and urease inhibitor (acetohydroxamic acid, AHA) were supplemented...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5475
22 downloads
135 views

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that is usually caused by disturbed production of collagen type I. Depending on its severity in the patient, this disorder may create difficulties and challenges for the dental practitioner. The goal of this article...

["Genetics","Dentistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5464
31 downloads
157 views

Background Despite numerous tests of Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis (DNH) evidence for its support or rejection is still contradictory. We tested a DNH derived prediction stating that nonnative species (NNS) without native congeneric relatives (NCR) will spread...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5444
647 downloads
8,707 views

A recent interpretation of the fossil remains of the enigmatic, large predatory dinosaur Spinosaurus aegyptiacus Stromer 1915 proposed that it was specially adapted for a semi-aquatic mode of life—a first for any predatory dinosaur. To test some aspects of this...

["Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5409
26 downloads
142 views

Background Alu is one of the non-autonomous element retrotransposons, constituting nearly 11% of the human DNA. Methylation changes of the Alu element can cause genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer development, ultimately leading to the development of cancer....

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5492
46 downloads
209 views

Background Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection is increasing worldwide. Current epidemiological data and knowledge of risk factors for this disease are limited. We investigated the trends in and risk of NTM infection in Northeast Thailand during 2012–2016....

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5479
39 downloads
165 views

Maternal effects can substantially affect ecological and evolutionary processes in natural populations. However, as they often are environmentally induced, establishing their genetic basis is challenging. One important, but largely neglected, source of maternal...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5452
41 downloads
174 views

Background Rapid urbanization in semi-arid regions necessitates greater cooling, humidifying, and shading services from urban trees, but maximizing these services requires an exact understanding of their association with forest characteristics and background street...

["Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5450

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