- Manuscript text
- Any figures
- Any tables
- Any raw data or code
- Any supplemental information files
All tables must be editable. Please do not upload tables as images.
To fit a US letter page with 2.5cm margins.
Include units in parentheses in column and row headings.
Enter below the table.
Preferred file type
Other file types
pdf (first submission only)
Please use vector images where possible.
There is no minimum resolution for vectors as they do not blur when zoomed in.
Suitable image types
pdf, eps, png
When a program saves an image as a jpeg, bmp or png, they are usually non-vectors.
Because non-vectors blur when zoomed, all your non-vector images must be a minimum size:
Non-vector image types
Preferred file formats
jpg (for photos only)
Image parts labelled alphabetically and submitted as one file.
Remove all whitespace around images.
Upload images in correct orientation. Landscape is preferable in most cases.
Name your figures: Figure1.png Figure2.jpg Figure3.svg etc.
Name your tables: Table2.docx Table2.docx Table3.docx etc.
Charts to have white backgrounds.
Only use patterned charts where necessary to aid communication.
Maintain the highest image quality possible. Minimise re-saves to maximise quality.
Your article is published under a CC BY licence, so any images or content with a more restrictive licence requires permission and/or referencing.
Reference copyright holders in figure legends. View the referencing examples.
3rd Party Photography
Upload a completed photographer's permission letter as a supplementary file.
3rd Party Maps
Google, Yahoo, Bing etc. map images require a reference in the image and legend.
In the image
In the legend
Map data © 2017 Google
For images containing recognisable faces add a permission statement in the note to staff for each person depicted.
You can use this text
I, [NAME OF THE PERSON] give my permission to PeerJ to include an identifiable photograph / video of me in [MANUSCRIPT TITLE] to be published by PeerJ under the CC BY 4 license.
Note that if the person is under the age of 16, consent should be given by a parent or guardian.
The preferred manuscript format is pdf for single file submissions, or docx for multi-file submissions.
pdf, docx, doc, odt
docx, doc, odt
pdf, bib, tex
+ figure and table files
(or a note to staff if within tex file).
Use these settings to ensure your review manuscript is generated correctly.
Single-file and preprint submissions:
Background. The background section text goes here. Next line for new section.
Methods. The methods section text goes here.
Results. The results section text goes here.
Discussion. The discussion section text goes here.
|Manuscripts||DOCX (preferred), DOC, ODT; PDF for LaTeX users|
|Figures||Use the original file format and image size whenever possible.|
(e.g. charts, diagrams):
(e.g. drawings, screenshots):
Must be over 900px.
|Tables||DOCX (preferred), DOC, ODT; PDF for LaTeX users|
Photo credit: San Diego Zoo Global.
Photo credit: Ali Smith.
Image credit: the MESH archive at http://ondemand.nssl.noaa.gov
3D model credit: Ishmael Kreill
Map data © 2017 Google
I [name] give [photographer / researcher name] permission to use my image for research and for publication.
|Supplemental Figures||Submit as JPG (use maximum quality settings), EPS (for vector images), or PNG (for lossless images).|
|Supplemental Tables||Submit as PDF, DOC, Excel, RTF or TeX / LaTeX files.|
|Supplemental Articles||Submit as PDF.|
|Supplemental Videos||Submit as AVI, MOV, and MP4 files. For widest compatibility, we suggest authors provide video files as 128 kbit/s AAC audio and 480p H.264 video in an MPEG-4 (mp4) format. Regardless of format submitted, authors should double check that their videos open and play in recent versions of both QuickTime and Windows Media Player.|
|Supplemental Audio||Submit as WAV or MP3 files. Please include a legend. Ensure that the files open and play in common audio players such as iTunes or Windows Media Player.|
|Large Supplemental Data sets||Submit in a compressed format (e.g. zip or tar.gz).|