1995 Laurea (MSc) in Biological Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.
2002 PhD in Life Sciences, Open University, London, UK.
2002-2004 Postdoctoral fellow in the Dept. of Cell Biology and Oncology, "Consorzio Mario Negri Sud", Italy.
2004-2013 Dept. of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, USA.
2013- present Senior Lecturer, University of Aberdeen, UK