B. 1955, med. shool 1977-1983, specialist in neurology 1991, country director of clinical research (Sandoz, Basel Switzerland) 1989-1991, PhD 1993, associte professor 1996
50+ peer review journal papers e.g. the Lancet, Neurology, Archieves of Neurology, JNNP, Neuroreport etc. 1200+ Citations, H-index 23, i10-index 35. Reviewed numerous manuscripts.
Articles and book chapters also in native Finnish, editor of Finnish neurology text book. Other languages English, Swedish and German.